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Australia 108

Australia 108
Artist's render of the approved design for Australia 108 in situ
General information
Status Approved[1]
Location 70 Southbank Boulevard, Melbourne, Australia
Estimated completion 2019[2]
Cost ~AUD$900 million[2]
Roof 319 m (1,047 ft)[1]
Technical details
Floor count 100[1]
Design and construction
Architect Fender Katsalidis Architects

Australia 108 is an approved supertall skyscraper located in the Southbank precinct of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. If built, the building will become the tallest building in Australia to roof, and the second-tallest building in Australia, overall. The proposal consists of a 319 metre (1,047 ft) apartment building, with 1,105 apartments over 100 floors.[1] Construction is set to commence in mid-2015, with completion in 2019.[2]

Originally, the project would have been 388 metres (1,273 ft) high and contained 108 storeys. This proposal was approved by the State Government in March 2013;[3] however, it was shelved four months later after it struggled to meet conditions imposed by government authorities including VicRoads and the Civil Aviation Safety Authority.[4][5]


  • Site 1
  • Initial proposal 2
    • Design 2.1
    • Approval 2.2
  • Second proposal 3
    • Design 3.1
    • Approval 3.2
    • Construction 3.3
    • Cancellation 3.4
  • Current proposal 4
    • Approval 4.1
    • Construction 4.2
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


The 70 Southbank Boulevard site is situated on the corner of City Road and Southbank Boulevard in the Southbank precinct of Melbourne. The land currently comprises two separately titled buildings, both of which are two levels. The buildings have a total net lettable area of 2,828m2, on a land area of 2,642m2.[6]

The site was purchased by architecture firm Fender Katsalidis Architects in April 2008, for $14.2 million, after the original tenancies ran an expression of interest campaign.[7]

Initial proposal


A gold strip from the bottom of the building to the top would complement Eureka Tower's gold crown.[8]
In 2009, plans were submitted by Fender Katsalidis Architects to the City of Melbourne for a A$400 million residential building to be built on the 70 Southbank Boulevard site. In its original proposal, the building was planned to be 226 metres in height and consist of 532 residential apartments, six levels of office space, a fresh food market and other retail amenities, spanning 72 floors.[8] The building was designed to replicate the nearby Eureka Tower, also a Fender Katsalidis development. Nonda Katsalidis noted the similarities with the Eureka Tower:


The building development had been approved by then–Victorian Planning Minister Justin Madden on 21 April 2010,[9] a decision which received backlash from the City of Melbourne council, dubbing the development as "excessively high" and "at odds with the City of Melbourne's height guidelines for the area." In May 2010, the council lodged an appeal to the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal (VCAT) to have the building permit overturned, asserting that the building surpassed the 100-metre height limit in the area's planning scheme.[10] VCAT rejected the appeal; and noted that the planning scheme did not specify a maximum height.[11]

In July 2012 the site was put up for sale through an international public expression of interest campaign and was listed at A$25 million, to allow the Fender Katsalidis partners time to "go in different directions."[8][12]

Second proposal


In November 2012 Katsalidis revealed revised plans for the building which would have seen it "super-sized" to 388 metres in height, with 108 floors. The new proposal incorporated the previous plans, but went on to include 50 more residential apartments (totalling 600), a six-star hotel with 288 rooms, and a two-storey star-shaped sky lobby with restaurants and bars.[13][14][15]

A render of the approved design of Australia 108 on the 70 Southbank Boulevard site in Melbourne.

The hotel would have occupied levels 83–102, with the 83rd and 84th floors having a star-shaped sky lobby which would have "burst" 9 metres outside of the building, similar to the Eureka Tower's Edge, only larger.[16] The Commonwealth Star on the Flag of Australia was used as inspiration for the "starburst."[17][18]

Fender Katsalidis Architects incorporated the Chinese system of geomancy, known as Feng shui, when developing the new proposal. The building's name, height and top floor all contain the number 8, which "relates to prosperity, abundance and security."[19]


The new proposal was subjected to a second planning application process for approval.[13] On 5 March 2013, the City of Melbourne council voted to oppose the development, citing it as an "over-development of the site."[20] The Lord Mayor of Melbourne, Robert Doyle, a Shrine of Remembrance trustee, argued that the building would exceed the council's planning scheme in the area by almost 300 metres and it could potentially create a 1.7 kilometre shadow over the Shrine of Remembrance. However, the Shrine's CEO, Denis Baguley, believed otherwise, stating, "I don't believe there are issues of overshadowing that will concern us." VCAT had already approved the project, but the final decision was up to Victorian Planning Minister Matthew Guy.[21]

Despite concerns, the project received its final approval on 18 March 2013 from Guy, who went onto describe the development as "a magnificent addition to Melbourne's skyline. Australia 108 will be a signature development that will define Melbourne for decades to come."[3][22][23]

The project was put on the market on 20 April 2013.[24]


Construction on the $600 million development[3][25] was to have commenced in 2014, and would have taken three to four years to build, with completion around 2018.[26][27] The construction was expected to have created 300 jobs in construction and hospitality industries.[3][28] Upon completion, Australia 108 would have become the tallest building in Australia – surpassing The Gold Coast's Q1 (323 m / 1,058 ft) and Melbourne's Eureka Tower (297 m / 975 ft)[29] – and would have therefore been the tallest building in the Southern Hemisphere,[3] and the only building to have over 100 floors.


In April 2013 it was reported that Australia 108 would have infringed on federal regulations protecting aircraft safety, known as PANS-OPS, particularly in regard to aircraft departing and arriving at Essendon Airport, located some 13 kilometres to the north of the project site.[30] At the time, it was claimed that the tower would have extended 13 metres into Essendon Airport's flight path "envelope," whose southerly approach requires a 373-metre height limit to any potential obstruction within 15 kilometres of the airfield.[30] When asked about this situation, architect Nonda Katsilidis claimed that the flight paths would not be a problem, and that a technical solution could be drawn up if required. He also stressed that any design changes would be "minimal." [30]

Despite this, the project (in its original form) was officially shelved in July 2013 following its inability to meet a "hybrid of requirements" from authorities such as VicRoads and CASA - the latter of which stated that there was "no flexibility" to approve a building that breached height restrictions.[4]

Current proposal

The project was bought for approximately $30 million by Singapore developer Aspial Corporation, during late-2013. Plans were later resubmitted to the Department of Planning in 2014, for a new proposal; a 100-storey, 319 metre tall apartment tower, to comprise 1,105 apartments.[31] The hotel from the previous design was removed from the plans.[1] Planning Minister Guy previously held talks with Deputy Prime Minister Warren Truss, regarding the 373-metre height restrictions on inner city buildings.[5]

If completed, the skyscraper will become Australia’s tallest building to roof, Australia’s second tallest building (surpassed by the Q1 at 323 metres) and the southern hemisphere's only building to comprise 100 levels.[5][31]


Approval for the newest proposal was granted by Minister Guy on 25 June, 2014.[1]


Construction of the $900 million residential skyscraper is set to commence in mid-2015, with completion in 2019.[2]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f Planning Minister approves Australia 108, a 100-storey apartment tower to be built at Southbank. Herald Sun. 25 June 2014
  2. ^ a b c d Melbourne to be the home of the tallest apartment block in the southern hemisphere with 100-storey building set to be built. Daily Mail. 26 June 2014
  3. ^ a b c d e Planning Minister Matthew Guy approves Australia 108 project for Southbank. Herald Sun. 17 March 2013
  4. ^ a b
  5. ^ a b c Southbank tower’s level lopped due to air safety regulations. Herald Sun. 29 April 2014
  6. ^ A Second Eureka Tower for Soutbank?. RealEstate Source. 28 April 2008
  7. ^ Indian Developer Plans $600 Million Development in Southbank. RealEstate Source. 12 May 2008
  8. ^ a b c d Site for Eureka’s more golden sister tower in Melbourne’s Southbank listed with $25 million price tag. Property Observer. 20 March 2013
  9. ^ Approval stands for Southbank development. Architecture & Design. 7 September 2010
  10. ^ Council to tackle city skyscraper backers. The Age. 17 May 2010
  11. ^ Southbank high-rise gets OK from VCAT. The Age. 6 September 2010
  12. ^ Eureka team abandons Melbourne tower site. The Australian. 12 July 2012
  13. ^ a b Grant, McArthur (12 November 2012). "Planned super skyscraper in Southbank would dominate Melbourne's skyline".  
  14. ^ "Rising high: 108-storey super tower planned for Melbourne".  
  15. ^ Chancellor, Jonothan (12 November 2012). "Australia 108 has a few hurdles to overcome before it's the southern hemisphere's highest". Property Observer. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  16. ^ Australia 108 - About.
  17. ^ 'Super tower’ planned for Melbourne. Meeting the World. 13 February 2013
  18. ^ World's Tallest Building in the Southern Hemisphere to Be Built in Melbourne, Australia. Travelers Today. 21 March 2013
  19. ^ Feng shui lures Asian 108 buyers. The Sydney Morning Herald. 20 March 2013
  20. ^ City councillors vote to oppose plans for a tower that could put Shrine of Remembrance in shadows. Herald Sun. 5 March 2013
  21. ^ Lord Mayor Robert Doyle casts doubt on titanic tower he says could put Shrine of Remembrance in shadows. Herald Sun. 28 February 2013
  22. ^ Tallest building in southern hemisphere approved. ABC News. 18 March 2013
  23. ^ Southbank mega-tower gets the go-ahead. The Sydney Morning Herald. 18 March 2013
  24. ^ Investors size up hotel market, but high dollar remains a hurdle. The Australian. 20 April 2013
  25. ^ $600m Australia 108 is all go. Accomnews. 20 March 2013
  26. ^ Going up Down Under: Southern Hemisphere's tallest building. CNN. 21 March 2013
  27. ^ Our tallest tower, at 388m, is highly pre-fab. The Australian. 19 March 2013
  28. ^ Australia 108 approved. Neos Kosmos. 19 March 2013
  29. ^ Coast's Q1 to lose tall title. Gold Coast Bulletin. 20 March 2013
  30. ^ a b c
  31. ^ a b Australia 108, 452 Elizabeth Street and 84-90 Queensbridge Street gain Ministerial approval. UrbanMelbourne. 26 June 2014

External links

  • Australia 108 Official Web
  • Australia 108 homepage
  • Australia 108
  • Australia 108 official
  • Australia 108 launch
  • Australia 108 - on CTBUH Skyscraper Center
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