World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Atami, Shizuoka

Article Id: WHEBN0000328989
Reproduction Date:

Title: Atami, Shizuoka  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Tagata District, Shizuoka, Shizuoka Prefecture, Atami Station, Naoya Shiga, Tokutomi Sohō
Collection: Atami, Shizuoka, Cities in Shizuoka Prefecture, Populated Coastal Places in Japan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Atami, Shizuoka

Atami
熱海市
City
Beach in Atami City with sea bathers
Beach in Atami City with sea bathers
Flag of Atami
Flag
Official seal of Atami
Seal
Location of Atami in Shizuoka Prefecture
Location of Atami in Shizuoka Prefecture
Atami is located in Japan
Atami
 
Coordinates:
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Shizuoka Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Sakae Saitō
Area
 • Total 61.61 km2 (23.79 sq mi)
Population (June 2012)
 • Total 38,879
 • Density 631/km2 (1,630/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City symbols  
 • Tree Sakura
 • Flower Ume
 • Bird Common gull
Phone number 0557-86-6000
Address 1-1 Chūō-chō, Atami-shi, Shizuoka-ken 413-8550
Website .jp.shizuoka.atami.citywww
View of Atami

Atami (熱海市 Atami-shi) is a city located in the eastern end of Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan.

As of June 2012, the city had an estimated population of 38,871 and a population density of 631 people per km2. The total area is 61.61 km2 (23.79 square miles).

Atami is located in the far eastern corner of Shizuoka Prefecture at the northern end of Izu Peninsula. The city is on the steep slopes of a partially submerged volcanic caldera on the edge of Sagami Bay. The name "Atami" literally means "hot ocean," a reference to the town's famous onsen hot springs. The city boundaries include the offshore island of Hatsushima. Most of Atami is located within the Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park. Warmed by the Kuroshio Current offshore, the area is known for its moderate maritime climate with hot, humid summers, and short winters.

Contents

  • Surrounding municipalities 1
  • History 2
  • Economy 3
  • Transport 4
    • Rail 4.1
    • Highways 4.2
  • International relations 5
    • Twin towns – Sister cities 5.1
  • Notable people from Atami 6
  • Culture 7
    • In films 7.1
  • Notes 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

Surrounding municipalities

Shizuoka Prefecture

Kanagawa Prefecture

History

Atami has been known as a Kamo District, Shizuoka. It was elevated to town status on June 11, 1894, and was transferred to the administrative control of Tagata District, Shizuoka in 1896.

The epicenter of the Great Kantō earthquake in 1923 was deep beneath Izu Ōshima Island in Sagami Bay, close to Atami, which suffered considerable damage, as did other municipalities throughout the surrounding Kantō region.[1] The tsunami wave height reached 35 feet at Atami, swamping the town and drowning three hundred people.[2]

Inside Atami's MOA Museum of Art

The modern city of Atami was founded on April 10, 1937, through the merger of Atami Town with neighboring Taga Village. After the proclamation of Atami as an "International Tourism and Culture City" by the Japanese government in 1950, the area experienced rapid growth in large resort hotel development. This growth increased after Atami station became a stop on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen high-speed train line in 1964. In concert with its famous onsen, Atami was known for its onsen geisha. Atami experienced a considerable decline in popularity as a vacation destination due to the Japanese economic crisis in the 1990s and the associated fall in large group company-sponsored vacations, but is currently experiencing a revival as a bedroom community due to its proximity to Tokyo and Yokohama.

The Inagawa-kai, third largest of Japan's Yakuza groups, was founded in Atami in 1949 as the Inagawa-gumi (稲川組) by Kakuji Inagawa.[3]

The 24th Congress of the Japanese Communist Party was held at Atami in January 2006.

Economy

The economy of Atami is heavily dependent on the tourist industry, mostly centered around its hot spring resorts.[4] Commercial fishing is a major secondary industry.

Transport

Rail

Highways

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Atami is twinned with:

Notable people from Atami

Culture

Much of the extensive art collection of eccentric multimillionaire and religious leader Mokichi Okada is now housed in the MOA Museum of Art in Atami.

Atami is also notable for having a Peace Pagoda, built by Nipponzan-Myohoji Daisangha in 1961.

In films

In the 1951 film Tokyo File 212, a key scene takes place at a resort in Atami. In the 1953 film Tokyo Story the parents visit the hot springs in Atami. Atami is the setting of the TV drama Atami no Sousakan. It also appears in the 1954 film "Golden Demon" (Konjiki Yasha), based on the novel of the same name by Koyo Ozaki, as the place where two main characters become engaged to be married.[5]

Notes

  1. ^ Hammer, Joshua. (2006). p. 278Yokohama Burning: the Deadly 1923 Earthquake and Fire that Helped Forge the Path to World War II,.
  2. ^ Hammer, p. 114.
  3. ^ "1993 Police White Paper Chapter 1 : The Actual Condition of the Boryokudan", 1993, National Police Agency (Japanese)
  4. ^ Mansfield, Stephen, "Cultures mingle amid Atami's hot springs", Japan Times, 18 December 2011, p. 12.
  5. ^ '+relative_time(twitters[i].created_at)+' (2010-04-18). """Odagiri to star in "Atami no Sousakan. Tokyograph. Retrieved 2013-03-25. 

References

  • Hammer, Joshua. (2006). Yokohama Burning: The Deadly 1923 Earthquake and Fire that Helped Forge the Path to World War II. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-6465-7; ISBN 978-0-7432-6465-5 (cloth).

External links

  • Atami City official website (Japanese)
  • Atami travel guide from Wikivoyage
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.