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Archangelgorod Governorate

Archangelgorod Governorate
Архангелогородская губерния
Governorate of Russian Empire
1708–1780
Location of Arkhangelogorod
Russia in 1682-1762. Archangelgorod Governorate is shown as number 3.
Capital Archangel
History
 •  Established December 29 [O.S. December 18] 1708
 •  Disestablished February 5 [O.S. January 25] 1780
Political subdivisions four provinces

Archangelgorod Governorate (Russian: Архангелогородская губерния, Arkhangelogorodskaya guberniya), or the Government of Archangelgorod, was an administrative division (a guberniya) of the Tsardom of Russia and then the Russian Empire, which existed from 1708 until 1780. Its seat was in Archangel (modern Arkhangelsk). The governorate was located in the north of Russian Empire and bordered Siberia Governorate in the east, Kazan Governorate in the southeast, Moscow and Ingermanland Governorates in the southwest, and Sweden in the west. In the north, the governorate was limited by the White and Barents Seas.

Archangelgorod Governorate, together with seven other governorates, was established on December 29 [O.S. December 18], 1708, by Tsar Peter the Great's edict.[1][2] As with the rest of the governorates, neither the borders nor internal subdivisions of Archangelgorod Governorate were defined; instead, the territory was defined as a set of cities and the lands adjacent to those cities.[3]

Cities included into Archangelgorod Governorate at the time of its establishment[1]
# City # City # City
1. Arkhangelskoy 8. Kolskoy Ostrog 15. Totma
2. Charonda 9. Mezen 16. Unzha
3. Chukhloma 10. Parfenyev 17. Ustya volosts
4. Galich 11. Pustozerskoy 18. Ustyug Veliky
5. Kevrol 12. Sol Galitskaya 19. Vaga
6. Kineshma 13. Sol Vychegodskaya 20. Vologda
7. Kologrivov 14. Suday

In terms of the modern political division of Russia, Archangelgorod Governorate comprised the areas of what is currently Murmansk Oblast, Nenets Autonomous Okrug and the Komi Republic, the greater parts of Arkhangelsk and Vologda Oblasts, as well as parts of the Republic of Karelia, Kostroma, Kirov, and Nizhny Novgorod Oblasts.[3]

On June 9 [O.S. May 29], 1719, the governorate was divided into provinces: Archangelgorod, Vologda, Galich, and Ustyug.[2] Simultaneously, Yarensky Uyezd with the administrative center of Yarensk was moved from Siberia Governorate to Archangelgorod Governorate.[4] The uyezds were transformed into districts, however, in 1727 the districts were transformed back into uyezds.

The governorate existed until February 5 [O.S. January 25] 1780, when it was transformed into Vologda Viceroyalty.[2]

Governors

The administration of the governorate was performed by a governor. The governors of the Arkhangelogorod Governorate were[5]

  • 1708-1711 Pyotr Alexeevich Golitsyn
  • 1711-1714 Alexey Alexandrovich Kurbatov (vice-governor)
  • 1714-1725 Pyotr Yefimovich Lodyzhensky
  • 1725-1727 Ivan Petrovich Izmaylov
  • 1727-1728 Ivan Mikhaylovich Likharev
  • 1728-1729 Villim Fermor
  • 1729-1732 Semyon Fyodorovich Meshchersky
  • 1732-1732 Ivan Maksimovich Shuvalov
  • 1732-1738 Mikhail Yuryevich Shcherbatov (the father of Mikhail Shcherbatov)
  • 1738-1740 Andrey Litskin
  • 1740-1740 Pyotr Kalinovich Pushkin
  • 1740-1743 Alexey Andreyevich Obolensky-Bely
  • 1743-1745 Alexey Mikhaylovich Pushkin
  • 1745-1762 Stepan Alexeyevich Yuryev
  • 1762-1763 Grigory Filatovich Sukhotin
  • 1763-1780 Yegor Andreyevich Golovtsyn

References

  1. ^ a b Указ об учреждении губерний и о росписании к ним городов (Russian)
  2. ^ a b c Архивный отдел Администрации Мурманской области. Государственный Архив Мурманской области. (1995). Административно-территориальное деление Мурманской области (1920-1993 гг.). Справочник. Мурманск: Мурманское издательско-полиграфическое предприятие "Север". pp. 19–20. 
  3. ^ a b С. А. Тархов (2001). "Изменение административно-территориального деления России за последние 300 лет". Электронная версия журнала "География". 
  4. ^ Лукошников, В. А. (March 22, 2006). Яренский уезд. Маяк (in Russian) (22). 
  5. ^ Архангельская область (in Russian). narod.ru. Retrieved 25 August 2011. 
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