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Angaïs

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Angaïs

Angaïs
Angaïs
Angaïs

Coordinates: 43°14′19″N 0°15′05″W / 43.2386°N 0.2514°W / 43.2386; -0.2514Coordinates: 43°14′19″N 0°15′05″W / 43.2386°N 0.2514°W / 43.2386; -0.2514

Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Nay-Est
Intercommunality Vath Vielha
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Bernard Arrabie
Area
 • Land1 5.94 km2 (2.29 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 824
 • Population2 density 140/km2 (360/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64023 / 64510
Elevation 214–412 m (702–1,352 ft)
(avg. 235 m or 771 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Angaïs (Occitan: Angais, pronounced [an'gajs]) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in southwestern France. The village is located 9 miles southeast of Pau.[1]

Etymology

The name appears in the forms Angays (1343, tributes of Béarn), Anguays (around 1540, reformation of Béarn) and Angaïs (1793 and 1801, Bulletin des Lois). Brigitte Jobbé-Duval indicates that a possible origin of the name is the surname Gaiz.[2] Also mentioned is that the villagers were called éleveurs de mules, meaning the "mule breeders." The breeding of these animals has been one of the most productive industries of the Nay plain, and particularly the village of Angaïs.[3]

History

Paul Raymond noted that the village hosted a lay abbey, owned by the Viscount of Béarn.[4] On 2 February 1617, Louis de Colom, lay abbott of Angaïs and a trustee of Béarn, made an important speech which united the Catholics and Protestants of Béarn to resist the king's wishes, and to oppose the execution of any act that may lead to political annexation of Béarn to France; later in the year the First Huguenot Rebellion occurred.[5]

In 1385, there were four fires. Angaïs then fell under the Bailiwick of Pau. The barony of Angaïs, created in 1656 by Louis XIV,[1] included Beuste, Ousse and Sendets. Isaac de Navailles appears to have been the first Baron, and Henri de Navailles-Labatut was Baron of Angaïs in the mid-19th century.[6][7]

The Uzerte of Angaïs refers to a local phenomena, a plague, that was documented in 1789. The inhabitants of Angaïs stated that almost every year, the plague was transported by very clear water, which rises above the village in the plain on the upper side of the wooded area, in April, May, and June. It caused fatal diseases in humans and animals. The poisoned water also harmed plants, such as maize, wheat, flax, grass, and vegetables in gardens.[3]

Geography

It is bordered by Artigueloutan to the north, Nousty to the east, Bordes to the west and Boeil-Bezing to the south. The village is located 9 miles southeast of Pau, and is connected by secondary roads 38, 212, 839 and 938. It is located in the watershed of the Adour, the common lands are watered by the Lagoin, a tributary of the Gave de Pau, and its tributary, the creek Arrebigne.

Settlements

  • Abérat
  • Las Baches
  • Bonnecaze
  • Boué Bignes
  • Las Clabades
  • Coulat
  • Grange de Cournac
  • Lafont
  • Grange Laraignou
  • Le Moulin de Capbat
  • Papus
  • Pascal
  • La Roque
  • Turounet

Sights

Château d'Angaïs, built in 1907-1908, has been listed as a historic building since June 30, 2000.

The parish church of Notre Dame was built in the mid-nineteenth century. It has been listed in the inventory of cultural heritage since February 6, 2003. There is an altar and an altarpiece of the seventeenth century.

See also

References

  • INSEE statistics
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