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Android Pay

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Title: Android Pay  
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Subject: Android Marshmallow, Google Wallet, Android Honeycomb, Android Eclair, Google Botswana
Collection: Android (Operating System) Software, Google Software, Mobile Payments
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Android Pay

Android Pay
Original author(s) Google
Developer(s) Google
Initial release September 11, 2015
Development status Current
Operating system Android Marshmallow
Platform Android
License Proprietary
Website /pay.comandroid

Android Pay is a digital wallet platform developed by Google to power in-app and tap-to-pay purchases on mobile devices. Enabling users to make payments using the Android phones, tablets or watches. Android Pay does not require specific contactless payment terminals, and can work with existing terminals. Android Pay uses near field communication (NFC) to transmit card information facilitating funds transfer to the retailer.


  • Service 1
    • Security & Card information 1.1
    • Using the Service 1.2
    • Availability 1.3
    • History 1.4
  • References 2


Android Pay lets mobile devices make payments at contactless points of sale and in Android apps. It replaces the credit or debit card chip and PIN or magnetic stripe transaction at point-of-sale terminals by allowing the user to upload these in the Android Pay wallet. It is similar to contactless payments already used in many countries, with the addition of two-factor authentication. The service lets Android devices wirelessly communicate with point of sale systems using a near field communication (NFC) antenna, a "dedicated chip that stores encrypted payment information" (known as the Secure Element), and Android's security and Wallet.[1]

Security & Card information

Android Pay takes advantage of physical security such as fingerprint ID where available. On devices without fingerprint ID, Android Pay is activated with a passcode.

When the user makes a payment to a merchant, Android Pay does not send the credit or debit card number with the payment. Instead it generates a virtual account number representing the user's account information. Thus the service keeps customer payment information private, sending a one-time security code instead of the card or user details.[1]

Using the Service

Users can add payment cards to the service by taking a photo of the card, or by entering the card information manually.To pay at points of sale, users hold their authenticated device to the point of sale system. The service has smart-authentication, allowing the system to detect when the device is considered secure (for instance if unlocked in the last 5-minutes) and challenge if necessary for unlock information.[2] Spring CEO Alan Tisch said Android Pay improves Mobile shopping business by supporting a "buy button" powered by Android Pay integrated within vendor's creative design [3]


At launch, the service was compatible with 70% of Android devices, and was accepted at over 700,000 merchants [1]

It is currently available in the United States.


Android Pay was released at Google I/O 2015. Android Pay is a successor to and builds on the base established by Google Wallet which was released in 2011.[4] It also uses technology from the carrier-backed Softcard—Google had acquired its intellectual property in February 2015.[1][5]

Google Wallet still powers Web-based Play Store purchases and some app-based peer-to-peer payments, for instance in Gmail.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Google introduces Android Pay, a replacement for its wallet app on mobile". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved 28 May 2015. 
  2. ^ WalletAPI, (2015). Fingerprint and payments APIs (100 Days of Google Dev)
  3. ^ "Google introduces Android Pay, a replacement for its wallet app on mobile". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved 28 May 2015. 
  4. ^ Google-WalletYT, (2011). Google Wallet Product Launch
  5. ^ "Softcard is shutting down on March 31st, and Google Wallet will replace it". The Verge. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 

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