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Ancient Mystic Order of Samaritans

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Ancient Mystic Order of Samaritans

Ancient Mystic Order of Samaritans
Founded 1924 (1924)
(1876 (1876))
United States
Type Fraternal appendant body
Motto We never sleep

The Ancient Mystic Order of Samaritans (AMOS) is an unofficial Middle-Eastern theme and the official regalia is a fez.[2]

The Order has existed in a variety of forms and under multiple names. It was first founded in 1876 as the Order Order of Humility (OOH).[7] In 1901, the Supreme Orient governing body was formed, now known as Supreme Sanctorum and the name of the organization changed to the Oriental Order of Humility and Perfection (OOH&P) due to the addition of a second degree. Over the next decade, the OOH&P gradually merged with several other similar Odd Fellows appendant bodies formed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries: the Imperial Order of Muscovites, the Pilgrim Knights of Oriental Splendor, the Veiled Prophets of Bagdad, and the Ancient Mystic Order of Cabirians. The name of the combined body was first chosen to be the United Order of Splendor and Perfection and later changed to the present name of Ancient Mystic Order of Samaritans as efforts to bring more units from Odd Fellows appendant bodies into one entity continued. During the evolution of the Order and its constituent bodies, names, titles and regalia have also changed numerous times. Although the name of the organization implies a limitation to the United States and Canada, at one time there were also subordinate sanctorums in Cuba and the Panama Canal Zone.[1]


  • Organization and activities 1
    • Ceremonies 1.1
    • Structure 1.2
    • Events 1.3
  • Regalia 2
  • History 3
    • The Oriental Order of Humility 3.1
    • The Oriental Order of Humility and Perfection 3.2
    • The Imperial Order of Muscovites 3.3
    • The Pilgrim Knights of Oriental Splendor 3.4
    • The Ancient Mystic Order of Cabiri 3.5
    • Merger 3.6
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Organization and activities


There are two degrees conferred by AMOS. The first or "Humility Degree" is conferred by subordinate sanctorums.[2] In this degree, reference is made to the story of Xerxes, a haughty Persian king who was taught the lesson of Humility by one of his subjects.[8] Those who have received this degree are referred to as "Samaritans." After receiving the Humility Degree, a Samaritan is eligible to receive the second or "Perfection Degree" which is typically conferred at a Divisional or Supreme Convention.[2] Those who have received this degree are referred to as "Sheiks."


Local subordinate bodies are referred to as Sanctorums. Each Sanctorum selects its own name which is typically of an Eastern or fanciful nature and is assigned a number. Sanctorums are further grouped into Districts and Divisions which are ultimately under the jurisdiction of the Supreme Sanctorum of the United States and Canada.[9] The officers of a subordinate sanctorum are:[10]

Office Elected/Appointed Duty
Grand Monarch Elected Presides over meetings.
Vice Grand Monarch Elected Assists the Grand Monarch and fills in for him in his absence.
Grand Counsellor Elected Presides in the absence of the Grand Monarch or Vice Grand Monarch.
Registrar Elected Acts as the recording and corresponding secretary.
Collector Elected Acts as the financial secretary.
Banker Elected Acts as the treasurer.
Venerable Friar Elected Recites opening and closing prayers and counsels members. This position is occupied by the immediate past Grand Monarch.
Grand High Executioner Appointed Protects the life of the Grand Monarch.
Grand Chief Guide Appointed Collects fines and takes charge of the candidates during degrees.
Grand Monitor Appointed Assists in sanctorum business and in degree work.
Grand Stentoros Appointed Guards the inner door.
Grand Herald Appointed Guards the outer door.

After completing a term as Grand Monarch of his Sanctorum, a Sheik or Samaritan is referred to as a Past Grand Monarch and is eligible to hold higher office, such as District Deputy Supreme Monarchos. Supreme elected offices include the Supreme Monarchos, Supreme Khalifah, Supreme Counsellor, Supreme Prince, Supreme Secretary and Supreme Treasurer.[10] The appointed offices include Supreme Vizier, Supreme Muezzin, Supreme Stentoros, and Supreme Ali Baba among others.[10] Similar offices exist on a Divisional level as well.


AMOS puts on a wide variety of social and fraternal events in public and in private including conventional ones such as banquets and parties as well as more unusual ones, such as staging a mock trial for a member[11] or performing as a kazoo band.[12] One sanctorum was known to actually have its own live goat.[13] Like the Odd Fellows lodges from whom AMOS, draws its membership, sanctorums and members are involved with charitable works, such as visiting and providing financial assistance to the sick or aged.[14] Charitable works involving cognitive disabilities are a particular focus of charitable work performed by AMOS[15]


Basic member fez and Supreme officer fez from the Ancient Mystic Order of Samaritans.

The regalia of AMOS is a

  • The Museum of Fezology: Odd Fellows (IOOF)
  • Oriental Order of Humility and Perfection / Ancient Mystic Order of Samaritans

External links

  1. ^ a b Samaritans to Hold Annual Convention in California, Schenectady Gazette Schenectady: 14 July 1954, p. 7.
  2. ^ a b c d e Axelrod, Alan. The International Encyclopedia of Secret Societies and Fraternal Orders. New York: Checkmark Books, 1997, p. 221.
  3. ^ Ahab Sanctorum to Initiate Large Class in Groton, The Evening Day New London: 12 January 1928, p. 4.
  4. ^ 2 Women Join IOOF Fun Unit, Reading Eagle Reading: 13 Feb 1968, p. 25.
  5. ^ Samaritans Begin Rome Convention, Rome News-Tribune Rome: 8 Aug 1983, p. 1.
  6. ^ New Members To Be Initiated By Fun Order, Reading Eagle Reading: 10 Apr 1969, p. 10.
  7. ^ a b c Ottawa Journal Ottawa: 9 May 1936.
  8. ^ a b Oriental Order of Humility and Perfection / Ancient Mystic Order of Samaritans,
  9. ^ Wilmot to Visit AMOS Divisions in Western US, Schenectady Gazette Schenectady: 4 May 1948, p. 3.
  10. ^ a b c d Constitution and By-Laws of the Supreme Sanctorum of the A.M.O.S. United States and Canada (2013)
  11. ^ Mock Trial Will Be Held By Sanctorum, Ottawa Citizen Ottawa: 7 December 1928, p. 21.
  12. ^ Gotno Sanctorum visits Cornwall, Ottawa Citizen Ottawa: 10 June 1929, p. 16.
  13. ^ Gotno Sanctorum to Smith Falls,Ottawa Citizen Ottawa: 23 Oct 1922, p. 5.
  14. ^ New Officers of Samaritans Are Installed, Ottawa Citizen Ottawa: 17 June 1955, p. 2.
  15. ^ Odd Fellows are a busy group, Bangor Daily News Bangor: 6 Mar 1991, p. 16-17.
  16. ^ The Palo Alto Pilot Palo Alto: 26 May 1882.
  17. ^ The Oddfellows The Toronto Mail Toronto: 12 Aug 1887, p. 8
  18. ^ Short Local Items The Florence Times Florence: 2 Dec 1893, p. 3
  19. ^ Tea Table Talk The Evening Argus Owosso: 2 Feb 1900, p. 13.
  20. ^ a b c Georgia Gossip The Daily Constitution Atlanta: 6 Jun 1876
  21. ^ The Ledger-Standard 30 Oct 1882.
  22. ^ The Beleville Telescope 27 Dec 1877
  23. ^ a b c d Preuss, Arthur. Dictionary of Secret and Other Societies. St. Louis: B. Herder Book Co., 1924, p. 386-388.
  24. ^ Oriental Princes in Session Nashua Telegraph Nashua: 23 Feb 1924, p. 1.
  25. ^ Preuss, Arthur. Dictionary of Secret and Other Societies. St. Louis: B. Herder Book Co., 1924, p. 178.
  26. ^ The Portsmouth Times Portsmouth: 18 May 1894, p. 1.
  27. ^ Muscovites End Meeting, The Deseret News Salt Lake City: 17 July 1912, p 12.
  28. ^ Lead Daily CallLead: 30 July 1925, p. 1.
  29. ^ The Constitution Atlanta: 11 Mar 1916, p. 10.
  30. ^ The Anniston Star Anniston: 18 Oct 1921, p. 6.
  31. ^ The Daily Times-Enterprise Thomasville: 24 May 1920, p. 7.
  32. ^ The Shebyville Republican Shelbyville: 10 Oct. 1922, p. 3.
  33. ^ a b "Odd Fellows (IOOF)". The Museum of Fezology. Retrieved 25 October 2015. 
  34. ^ Oakland Tribune Oakland: 25 Apr. 1925, p. 6.
  35. ^ Oakland Tribune Oakland: 24 Apr. 1924, p. 11.
  36. ^ Oakland Tribune Oakland: 25 Oct. 1924, p. 16.
  37. ^ Oakland Tribune Oakland: 12 Dec. 1924, p. 33.
  38. ^ "Lawrence Journal-World - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved 20 October 2015. 
  39. ^ "Freemasons of California - Mill Valley Lodge #356". Retrieved 20 October 2015. 


See also

Negotiations between the Imperial Order of Muscovites and the Oriental Order of Humility and Perfection for a merger began as early as 1917. By 1923, plans were drawn up as to how the Orders were to be amalgamated and this was officially commenced in August 1924, when they formed the United Order of Splendor and Perfection. However this group was beset by internal strife and was reorganized the next year as the Ancient Mystic Order of Samaritans.[33] Other mergers of 1924 included the Veiled Prophets of Baghdad, Pilgrim Knights of Oriental Splendor and Ancient Mystic Order of Cabirians.[38][39]

AMOS was established in 1924 as the result of a merger between five different similar orders: the Oriental Order of Humility and Perfection, the Imperial Order of Muscovites, the Ancient Mystical Order of Cabirians, the Veiled Prophets of Baghdad, and the Pilgrim Knights of Oriental Splendor.[2]


[37] The Ancient Mystic Order of Cabiri (AMOC) was founded as a playground order for the Odd Fellows around 1920, beginning with Oakland Council #1 in

The Ancient Mystic Order of Cabiri

The Pilgrim Knights of Oriental Splendor began in Alabama, and Tennessee.[30] The PKOS were known to put on street parades, including stunts, and conferred a degree known as the Pilgrim Knight degree.[31] Their governing body was known as the Supreme Palace.[32] The regalia for Pilgrim Knights was a purple fez with a yellow tassel, having a metallic sphinx head on a star, covering a downward pointing crescent.[33]

The Pilgrim Knights of Oriental Splendor

The Imperial Order of Muscovites (IOM) was established in 1894 in Cincinnati, OH and was only open to Odd Fellows.[25] Unlike most other social side bodies of fraternal orders, the IOM opted for a Russian theme instead of the standard Middle-Eastern, styling local bodies Kremlins and referring to the chief officer as the Czar.[26] As with most other similar groups, however, the Muscovites did adopt a fez as their official regalia, albeit a non-standard one with a band of fur along the brim they referred to as a busby.[27] The IOM additionally spawned an affiliated appendant body for women who were Rebekahs known as the Lady Muscovites in June 1925.[28] It was active in a variety of states throughout the Midwest and Western United States.

The Imperial Order of Muscovites

OOH is reported to have been reorganized as the Oriental Order of Humility and Perfection (OOH&P) in 1901 in Hamilton, ON, the first Supreme Clericus of The Supreme Orient,[23] a job which later came to be titled Supreme Secretary in AMOS. The Supreme Orient was incorporated in New York on February 5, 1919.[23] The OOH&P had even more in common with today's incarnation than did the OOH, including the familiar owl and scimitar logo and very similar set of officers, with the principal difference being today's Grand Monarch was formerly referred to as a Grand High Hystytee and the Vice Grand Monarch as Vice Grand Hystytee.[24] The local bodies of OOH&P were referred to as Sanctorums. The two ranks of members were Tribesmen who had taken the Degree of Humility and Sheiks who had further taken the Degree of Perfection.

The Oriental Order of Humility and Perfection

The first predecessor from which modern day AMOS derives is the Oriental Order of Humility (OOH) which was purportedly founded by Dr. E. A. Baxter[16] in 1876 in NY and 1879 in Canada.[7] The initial founding did not last and the Order had to be re-instituted in 1898. There is some confusion regarding whether the OOH was, in fact, an Odd Fellows appendant body,[17] if it served as an appendant body for the Knights of Pythias,[18] if it was open to men from multiple orders, or if there were multiple orders operating under the name Oriental Order of Humility. At least some instances of the OOH were known to relate to Xerxes as did later incarnations.[19][20] According to one source, the OOH was initially known as the Grand Oriental Order of Humility.[21] There is also some variation in known officer titles with the presiding officer alternatively referred to as the Worthy Grand Chief[22] or as the Most Potent Grand Seignor and the other officers known as Noble Vizier, Reverend Friar, Reverend Monitor, Chief Herald, and Seneschal;[20] these early officer names clearly bear some relation to those used today. The subordinate bodies were sometimes referred to as Huts.[20] The ritual was far less developed than that used in later incarnations, apparently consisting of merely "a solitary charge, written on a sheet of foolscap paper, crude in form, yet with a 'striking' idea, which gave it the 'zip' that made it instantly popular with all those who were 'elevated' to its charmed circle."[23] This ritual was later expanded into a full-blown ritual by James Smith of London, Ontario and John A. MacDonald, who later went on to the first Supreme Monarchos of the Supreme Orient when it was founded in 1901.[23] The early custom was to confer the degree at the annual sessions of grand bodies wherever convenient.

The Oriental Order of Humility


Rank Fez Color Tassel Color
Samaritan Red Yellow
Sheik Red Red
Past Grand Monarch (Samaritan) Red Yellow & Blue
Past Grand Monarch (Sheik) Red Red & Blue
District Deputy Supreme Monarchos Red Purple
Past District Deputy Supreme Monarchos (Samaritan) Red Yellow, White & Blue
Past District Deputy Supreme Monarchos (Sheik) Red Red, White & Blue
Elected Divisional Officer Blue Red
Divisional Supreme Monarchos Blue Purple
Past Divisional Supreme Monarchos Blue White
Elected Supreme Officer Red Purple
Supreme Monarchos Purple Purple
Past Supreme Monarchos Purple White


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