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American Association of Foreign Language Newspapers

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Title: American Association of Foreign Language Newspapers  
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American Association of Foreign Language Newspapers

Portrait of founder Louis N. Hammerling, ca.1912

The American Association of Foreign Language Newspapers was founded by Louis Nicholas Hammerling in 1908.[1] It served as an intermediary between "respectable national advertisers" and the foreign-language newspapers that profited from publishing advertisements.[2] Frances Kellor[3] led the effort after Hammerling's patriotism came under question ca.1918.[2][4][5] Critics included Robert Ezra Park.[6]


  1. ^ "Tenth Anniversary of the American Association of Foreign Language Newspapers, Inc.".  
  2. ^ a b  
  3. ^ Marilyn Ogilvie and Joy Harvey, ed. (2000), Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science, Routledge,  
  4. ^ A Menace to Americanization, New York, N.Y: Narodni List, 1919 
  5. ^ Brewing and Liquor Interests and German Propaganda: Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1919 
  6. ^  

Further reading

  • The American Leader (New York: American Association of Foreign Language Newspapers).  v.1 (1912)
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