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Albrecht Penck

Albrecht Penck
Born 25 September 1858 (1858-09-25)
Reudnitz, Saxony
Died March 7, 1945(1945-03-07) (aged 86)
Residence Austria-Hungary
Fields Geomorphology, Quaternary science, Climatology
Institutions University of Vienna
Harvard University
Humboldt University
Alma mater University of Leipzig
University of Vienna
Doctoral advisor Eduard Suess
Influences Eduard Suess[1]
Walther Penck[2]
Influenced Walther Penck[3]
Notable awards Charles P. Daly Medal (1914)

Albrecht Penck (September 25, 1858 – March 7, 1945), was a German geographer and geologist and the father of Walther Penck.

Born in Reudnitz near Leipzig, Penck became a university professor in Vienna from 1885 to 1906, and in Berlin from 1906 to 1927. There he was also the director of the Institute and Museum for Oceanography by 1918. Penck dedicated himself to geomorphology and climatology and raised the international profile of the Vienna School of physical geography. In 1945, Penck died in Prague. Since 1886, he was married to the sister of the successful Bavarian regional writer Ludwig Ganghofer. In memory of Penck, the painter and sculptor Ralf Winkler adopted the nom de plume A. R. Penck in 1966.

Albrecht Penck was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1905.


  • Works 1
  • Further reading 2
  • Citations 3
  • References 4


  • Morphologie der Erdoberfläche; 2 vols, 1894
  • (with Eduard Bruckner) Die Alpen im Eiszeitalter; 3 vols, 1909

Further reading

  • Schultz, H.-D.: "Ein wachsendes Volk braucht Raum." Albrecht Penck als politischer Geograph. In: Nitz, B.; Schultz, H.-D.; Schulz, M. (Hrsg.): 1810 – 2010: 200 Jahre Geographie in Berlin (= Berliner Geographische Arbeiten 115). Berlin 2010, S. 91-135 [2. verb. u. erw. Aufl. 2011, S. 99-153]


  1. ^ Chorley et al. 1963
  2. ^ Chorley et al. 2005, p. 589
  3. ^ Chorley et al. 2005, p. 614


  • Chorley, Richard J. (1963), "Diastrophic Background to Twentieth-Century Geomorphological Thought", Geological Society of America Bulletin 74 (8): 953–970 
  • Chorley, Richard J.; Beckinsale, Robert P.; Dunn, Antony J. (2005) [1973]. "Chapter Twenty-Two". The History of the Study of Landforms. Volume Two. Taylor & Francis e-Library. 
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