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Ahmed Yusuf (Gobroon)

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Title: Ahmed Yusuf (Gobroon)  
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Subject: Yusuf Mahamud Ibrahim, Sultanate of the Geledi, History of Somalia, Mogadishu, Sub-Saharan Africa
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Ahmed Yusuf (Gobroon)

Ahmed Yusuf
أحمد يوسف
4th Sultan of the Geledi sultanate
Reign 1848-1878
Predecessor Yusuf Mahamud Ibrahim
Successor Osman Ahmed
Dynasty Geledi sultanate
Born Afgooye
Religion Islam

Ahmed Yusuf (Somali: Ahmed Yuusuf, Arabic: أحمد يوسف‎) was a Somali ruler. He was the fourth Sultan of the Geledi sultanate, reigning from 1848 to 1878.


Yusuf was born in the town of Afgooye, where he stayed until the age of seven. His father subsequently sent him to Qur'anic schools in Barawa for studies.

Through his military dominance, Sultan Yusuf managed to exact tribute from the Omanis south of Lamu, and regularly extended his support to East African sultanates fighting the Zanzibaris.

He and his brother, Abukar Yusuf, were eventually defeated in the Battle of Cagaraan against the powerful military clan of the Bimal. Their bodies were taken to Merca by the Bimal sultan, where they were then displayed in front of a large crowd as a show of triumph. Upon seeing the bodies of the dead men, the women of the Bimal reportedly marvelled at the beauty of Ahmed Yusuf, which resulted in a public uproar with women demanding a proper funeral for the late Sultan.[1]

The Istunka tournament was developed in the Ajuuraan period, and was celebrated subsequently each year during the Somali new year alongside other festivals such as Nowruz. It was not until the Geledi sultanate and the reign of Sultan Ahmed Yusuf that the martial art festival became a centralized tournament with separate teams each supported by an assembly of poets, female vocalists and dance groups throughout the duration of the contest.


  1. ^ Luling, p.26.

See also


  • Luling, Virginia (2002). Somali Sultanate: the Geledi city-state over 150 years. Transaction Publishers.  
Preceded by
Yusuf Mahamud Ibrahim
Geledi sultanate Succeeded by
Osman Ahmed
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