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Aghul people

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Title: Aghul people  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Lezgian people, Peoples of the Caucasus, List of ethnic groups in Russia, Dargwa people, Laks (Caucasus)
Collection: Ethnic Groups in Dagestan, Muslim Communities of Russia, Peoples of the Caucasus
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Aghul people

Total population
Regions with significant populations
 Russia 34,160[2]
 Ukraine 108[3]
Aghul language
Sunni Muslims, non-denominational Muslims, Muwahhid Muslims
Related ethnic groups

Aghuls (Aguldere, Kurakhdere, Khushandere, and Khpyukdere. Like their neighbors the Kaitaks, the Aghuls were converted to Islam at a fairly early date, subsequent to the Arab conquest of the eighth century. Their oral traditions claim Jewish descent.[5]


Each Aghul village had a village council, on which each of the three or four tukhums were represented. The council was headed by an elder. The village mullah and qadi also played an important role in local affairs. In some cases the wealthier tukhums exerted a disproportionate strong influence on village government. As elsewhere in Daghestan, the Aghuls were divided into tukhums (clans), comprising twenty to forty households. Each tukhum had its own cemetery, pastures, and hay fields, and the members were bound by obligations of mutual support and defense.

The Aghuls tended to practice endogamy within the tukhum—marriages with outsiders were very rare. In the past the Aghuls lived in extended family households, though not especially large ones (fifteen to twenty members, on average). A senior male, father or eldest brother, functioned as chief, with fairly broad authority over the affairs of the household and its members. Should the extended family split up, sisters—even those who had already married and left the household—received a portion of the land as well as the movable property. They were each apportioned one-half of the land share given to each of their brothers, a practice that was unusually generous by Daghestanian standards.


  1. ^ (2002 census)
  2. ^ Russian Census 2010: Population by ethnicity (Russian)
  3. ^ "About number and composition population of Ukraine by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001". Ukraine Census 2001. State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  4. ^ Russian Census 2010: Population by ethnicity (Russian)
  5. ^ Peoples, Nations and Cultures. Edited by John Mackenzie. Weidenfeld and Nicolson 2005.

Further reading

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