World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Adelaide Island

Article Id: WHEBN0002700521
Reproduction Date:

Title: Adelaide Island  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: French Antarctic Expedition, List of Antarctic and subantarctic islands, Chilean Antarctic Territory, British Antarctic Territory, Mikkelsen Islands
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Adelaide Island

Adelaide Island
Adelaide Base, February 1962
Adelaide Island shown within the Antarctic Peninsula
Location Antarctica
Area 4,663 km2 (1,800 sq mi)
Length 139 km (86.4 mi)
Width 37 km (23 mi)
Highest elevation 2,315 m (7,595 ft)
Highest point Mount Gaudry
Population around 100
Additional information
Administered under the Antarctic Treaty System

Adelaide Island or Isla Adelaida or Isla Belgrano is a large, mainly ice-covered island, 139 kilometres (75 nmi) long and 37 kilometres (20 nmi) wide, lying at the north side of Marguerite Bay off the west coast of the Antarctic Peninsula. The Ginger Islands lie off the southern end. The island lies within the Argentine, British and Chilean Antarctic claims.


  • History 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


Adelaide Island was discovered in 1832 by a British expedition under John Biscoe. The island was first surveyed by the French Antarctic Expedition (1908–1910) under Jean-Baptiste Charcot.

According to a contemporary source, the island was named by Biscoe himself in honour of Queen Adelaide of the United Kingdom.[1]

Rothera Station November 2003, looking towards the Antarctic Peninsula

The Island has two bases on it. The old Adelaide Island base (also known as Base T) was set up by the Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (FIDS), which became the British Antarctic Survey. The Base was closed due to an unstable skiway and operations were moved to the new Rothera Research Station during 1976-77; this base remains open. The old BAS base was transferred to the Chilean authorities in 1984, when it was renamed Teniente Luis Carvajal Villaroel Antarctic Base. The station was then used as a summer only station by the Chileans. However the skiway, and 'ramp' to the station from the plateau have all become so unstable, that the Chilean Air Force (FACh) have ceased operating there. The Chilean Navy has visited the station almost every summer to ensure it is in good keeping. BAS employees also visit the station during the winter when access from the plateau is easier.

Due to the length of time that it has been inhabited the island is well mapped by Antarctic standards.

See also


  1. ^ Extract from the 'Tasmanian' of Hobart, dated 11th October 1833. "Interesting to the World at Large". The Sydney Monitor, 2nd November 1833. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 

External links

  • BAS Mapping Catalogue
  • Images at BAS

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Adelaide Island" (content from the Geographic Names Information System).

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.