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22nd Parallel North

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Title: 22nd Parallel North  
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Subject: Foreign relations of Egypt, Wadi Halfa Salient, Almagest, Geography of Egypt, Circle of latitude
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22nd Parallel North

Line across the Earth
22nd parallel north
In Africa, the parallel defines most of the border between Egypt and Sudan. The eastern part of the border is disputed.

The 22nd parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 22 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, North America, the Caribbean and the Atlantic Ocean.

The majority of the border between Egypt and Sudan follows the parallel.

At this latitude the sun is visible for 13 hours, 29 minutes during the summer solstice and 10 hours, 47 minutes during the winter solstice.[1]

Around the world

Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 22° north passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
 Egypt /  Sudan border
 Sudan The border diverts north at Lake Nasser, enclosing the Wadi Halfa Salient - as it passes through the lake, the parallel is entirely within Sudan
 Egypt /  Sudan border
 Egypt / Bir Tawil border Bir Tawil is not claimed by any country.
Hala'ib Triangle /  Sudan border The Hala'ib Triangle is a disputed territory claimed by both Egypt and Sudan - Egypt controls the territory.
Red Sea
 Saudi Arabia
Indian Ocean Arabian Sea
 India Gujarat - Kathiawar Peninsula
Indian Ocean Gulf of Khambhat
 India Gujarat
Madhya Pradesh
West Bengal
 Bangladesh Several islands in the Ganges Delta
Indian Ocean Bay of Bengal
 India For about 3 km
 Myanmar (Burma)
 India For about 4 km
 Myanmar (Burma) For about 5 km
 India For about 3 km
 Myanmar (Burma)
 People's Republic of China
 People's Republic of China Guangxi (for about 4 km)
 Vietnam For about 6 km
 People's Republic of China Guangxi and Guangdong
South China Sea
 People's Republic of China Passing through islands in the Wanshan Archipelago (Guangdong), about 12 km south of  Macau
South China Sea
 People's Republic of China More islands in the Wanshan Archipelago (Guangdong), about 20 km south of  Hong Kong
South China Sea
 Republic of China Island of Taiwan (claimed by  People's Republic of China)
Pacific Ocean Passing just south of Orchid Island,  Republic of China (claimed by  People's Republic of China)
 United States Island of Niihau, Hawaii
Pacific Ocean
 United States Island of Kauai, Hawaii
Pacific Ocean Passing just north of the island of San Juanito,  Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
Caribbean Sea Gulf of Batabanó - passing just north of Isla de la Juventud,  Cuba
Gulf of Cazones - passing just south of the Zapata Peninsula,  Cuba
Atlantic Ocean Passing between islands of the  Bahamas
Passing just north of North Caicos,  Turks and Caicos Islands
Western Sahara Claimed by  Morocco

See also


  1. ^
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