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2012 G-20 Los Cabos summit

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2012 G-20 Los Cabos summit

2012 G-20 Mexico summit
Host country Mexico
Date June 18–19
Venue(s) Los Cabos Convention Center[1]
Cities San José del Cabo, Los Cabos, Baja California Sur
Participants FAO[2]
Follows Cannes summit, 2011
Precedes Russia summit, 2013
Website g20mexico.org

The 2012 G-20 Mexico Summit was the seventh meeting of the G-20 heads of government.[3]

It was held in the Los Cabos Convention Center,[1] Los Cabos, Baja California Sur, from June 18–19, 2012.[4]

Background

The final draft of G20 Toronto summit communique became the public announcement that the 2011 summit in France would be followed by a 2012 summit in Mexico.[3]

Preparations

Pre-planning for the summit began in 2010. In January, Mexican Deputy Foreign Minister Lourdes Aranda hosted a preliminary meeting in Mexico City. It was attended by "sherpas" (representatives) of the G20 foreign ministries.[5][6]

Agenda

Mexico believes the forum can better represent developing countries in both vision and policy. Under the leadership of President Felipe Calderón, Mexico will seek to expand the scope of the G-20's development focus.[7] Calderon also said of funding for the International Monetary Fund (IMF) that "it’s going to be the first time the fund is capitalized without the U.S., which reflects the importance of emerging markets." Brazilian Finance Minister Guido Mantega added that the BRICS countries were "going to make an additional contribution to the IMF that will be announced at the leaders’ meeting," in relation to similar amount announced by the group in April of about US$75 billion.[8] European leaders were pressured by major economies to resolve the European sovereign-debt crisis after New Democracy won a plurality Greek legislative election in June.[9]

Attendance

The list below shows the leaders that have attended the 2012 G-20 Leaders Summit.

State Represented by Title
Argentina Cristina Fernández de Kirchner President
Australia Julia Gillard Prime Minister
Brazil Dilma Rousseff President
Canada
Canada Stephen Harper Prime Minister
China Hu Jintao President
France François Hollande President
Germany Angela Merkel Chancellor
India Manmohan Singh Prime Minister
Indonesia Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono President
Italy Mario Monti Prime Minister
Japan Yoshihiko Noda Prime Minister
Mexico Felipe Calderón President
Russia Vladimir Putin President
Saudi Arabia Ibrahim Abdulaziz Al-Assaf Minister of Finance
South Africa Jacob Zuma President
South Korea Lee Myung-bak President
Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Prime Minister
United Kingdom David Cameron Prime Minister
United States Barack Obama President
European Commission Jose Manuel Barroso President
European Council Herman Van Rompuy President
Invited states[2]
State Represented by Title
Benin Yayi Boni President
Cambodia Hun Sen Prime Minister
Chile Sebastián Piñera President
Colombia Juan Manuel Santos President
Ethiopia Meles Zenawi Prime Minister
Spain Mariano Rajoy Prime Minister
International organisations[2]
Organisation Represented by Title
International Monetary Fund Christine Lagarde Managing Director
Financial Stability Board Mark Carney Chairman
Food and Agriculture Organization José Graziano da Silva Director-General
International Labour Organization Guy Ryder Director-General
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development José Ángel Gurría Secretary-General
World Trade Organization Pascal Lamy Director-General
United Nations Ban Ki-moon Secretary-General
World Bank Group Robert Zoellick President

Sideline meetings

Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan talks with U.S. President Barack Obama on 19 June.
World leaders at the 2012 G-20 Los Cabos summit.

U.S. President Barack Obama planned, first, a meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin[10] which was expected to run for one-and-a-half hours and cover "projected deployment of missile shield in Europe, prospects of peace settlement in Syria and bilateral ties [including the] Sergei Magnitsky Rule of Law Accountability Act".[11] Obama and Putin made a joint statement about the 2011-2012 Syrian uprising that read: "In order to stop the bloodshed in Syria, we call for an immediate cessation of all violence. We are united in the belief that the Syrian people should have the opportunity to independently and democratically choose their own future." It also followed Russia's intention to send two amphibious warships, Nikolai Filchenkov and Tsezar Kunikov, with marines to its naval base in Tartus.[12] As a result of the June Greek election, a bilateral meeting between German Chancellor Angela Merkel and the U.S. President Barack Obama on the situation in the eurozone was also planned.[13]

[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b [1]
  2. ^ a b c Invited countries and international organizations
  3. ^ a b F_421 (2010-06-28). "Mexico to host G20 summit in 2012 - People's Daily Online". English.peopledaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  4. ^ "2011 Cannes Summit Final Declaration". G8.utoronto.ca. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  5. ^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs - The G20 Sherpas Meet in Mexico to Discuss the Group's Rules of Operation". Portal3.sre.gob.mx. 2010-01-17. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  6. ^ "Mexico hosts G20 summit preliminary meeting - People's Daily Online". English.peopledaily.com.cn. 2010-01-16. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  7. ^ "Mexico seeking to lead G20 development issues". Koreatimes.co.kr. 2010-09-26. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  8. ^ Colitt, Raymond. "BRICS to Announce IMF Contribution at G-20 Meeting, Brazil Says". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  9. ^ Luke Baker and Krista Hughes (18 June 2012). "G20 ramps up pressure on Europe over debt crisis". Reuters. MSNBC. Retrieved 19 June 2012. 
  10. ^ "LexisNexis News - Latest News from over 4,000 sources, including newspapers, tv transcripts, wire services, magazines, journals". .lexisnexis.com. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  11. ^ "Putin, Obama to Talk Missile Defense, Syria Settlement in Mexico, 18 June 2012 Monday 9:1". Turkishweekly.net. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  12. ^ "Obama and Putin urge end to Syria violence - Middle East". Al Jazeera English. 2011-10-04. Retrieved 2012-06-19. 
  13. ^ "Obama, Germany’s Merkel to meet at G-20". MarketWatch. 2011-10-18. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  14. ^ "David Cameron confronts Fernandez over Falkland Islands". BBC News. 2012-06-20. 

External links

  • Official site
  • G-20 website of the OECD
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