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Title: Ubykhia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Sochi, Circassian language, Circassian nationalism
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Akhun was a sacred mountain of the Ubykhs

Ubykhia (; Russian: Убыхия) was a commonwealth of Ubykh tribes in the 14th–19th centuries. It was situated in what is today Sochi, Krasnodar Krai, Russia.

Ubykhs supplanted the Sadz Abkhazians from the area in the 17th century, and unlike the principality of Abkhazia, there were no princes in Ubykhia and it was governed by the council, which represented the nobles from all 11 Ubykh subdivisions and 2 from Akhchipsou and Sadz peoples, incorporated to the commonwealth.

In 1864 Ubykhia was defeated in the Russo-Circassian War and the population, estimated to be about 40,000, fled to the Ottoman Empire en masse, which resulted in the total disappearance of the nation.


  • on Adyghe LibraryThe Last of the DepartedBagrat Shinkuba.

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