Thoma of Villarvattom

Thoma Villarvattom was a Nasrani King of Villarvattom, a vassal principality of the Kingdom of Cochin.[1][2][3]

In 1439, Pope Eugene IV sent an apostolic letter through his legates to Thomas, the Villarvattom king in the following manner: "To our dearest son in Jesus the great king Thomas of India happiness and apostolic benediction. We have been often told that you and your subjects are true and faithful Christians”.[4][5] Udayamperoor (known as Diamper in Portuguese), the capital of this kingdom, was the venue of the famous Synod of Diamper of 1599 CE. It was held in the All Saints Church in Diamper. The venue was apparently chosen on account of the place having been the capital of a Syrian Christian principality.[6]

This Christian dynasty lasted till about the close of the 15th century. The last ruler of the line iJacob Swaroopam died without a male heir. His surviving daughter was married by a prince of the Cochin royal family who was converted to Christianity. This marriage was not blessed with any children. So the territories of the Villarvattom came to be absorbed in the Kingdom of Cochin. Consequently it was considered that the rulers of Cochin had a special responsibility for looking after the welfare of the Saint Thomas Christians of Malabar Coast. The Malabar Syrian Christians however preserved the royal emblems of the Villarvattom and presented this to Vasco de Gamma, when he arrived in Cochin. This was done to show their homage to the Christian King of Portugal.[7]

The tale of Villarvattom dynasty is mentioned in the Malyalam novel Manja Veyil Maranangal (Yellow Lights of Death) by Benyamin.

References

  1. ^ "Raja Thoma Villarvattam – King of the Nasranis". NSC Network. April 15, 2007. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  2. ^ The Travancore State Manual II. Kerala Gazetteers Dept.  
  3. ^ http://www.manoramaonline.com/cgi-bin/MMOnline.dll/portal/localContentView.do?tabId=16&programId=1079897624&contentId=14805595&district=Cochin&BV_ID=@@@
  4. ^ A. J. John, Anaparambil
  5. ^ History - Chendamangalam Syro-Malabar Church
  6. ^ http://www.synodofdiamper.com/mal/index.php
  7. ^ Flashes of Kerala History. 1980. 


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