Solomon

Solomon ("Solomon the Wise")
King of Israel
An engraving, Judgment of Solomon, by Gustave Doré (19th century).
Reign c. 970–931 BC
Predecessor David
Successor Rehoboam
Spouse Naamah, Pharaoh's Daughter, around 700 other wives and 300 concubines[1]
Issue Rehoboam
House House of David
Father David
Mother Bathsheba
Born Jerusalem
Died Jerusalem

Solomon (; Hebrew: שְׁלֹמֹה, Modern Shlomo Tiberian Šəlōmō ISO 259-3 Šlomo; Syriac: ܫܠܝܡܘܢ Shlemun; Arabic: سُليمانSulaymān, also colloquially: Silimān; Greek: Σολομών Solomōn), also called Jedidiah (Hebrew יְדִידְיָהּ), was, according to the Book of Kings, the Book of Chronicles, Hidden Words and the Qur'an[2] a king of Israel and the son of David.[3] The conventional dates of Solomon's reign are circa 970 to 931 BC. He is described as the third king of the United Monarchy, and its final king before the rupture into the northern Kingdom of Israel and the southern Kingdom of Judah. Following the split, his patrilineal descendants ruled over Judah alone.

According to the Talmud, Solomon is one of the 48 prophets.[4] In the Qur'an, he is considered a major prophet, and Muslims generally refer to him by the Arabic variant Sulayman, son of David.

The Hebrew Bible credits Solomon as the builder of the First Temple in Jerusalem[3] and portrays him as great in wisdom, wealth, and power, but ultimately as a king whose sins, including idolatry and turning away from Yahweh, led to the kingdom's being torn in two during the reign of his son Rehoboam.[5] Solomon is the subject of many other later references and legends, most notably in the 1st-century apocryphal work known as the Testament of Solomon. In later years, Solomon also came to be known as a magician and an exorcist, with numerous amulets and medallion seals dating from the Hellenistic period invoking his name.[6]

Contents

  • Biblical account 1
    • Succession 1.1
    • Wisdom 1.2
    • Wives 1.3
    • Relationship with Queen of Sheba 1.4
    • Sins and punishment 1.5
    • Enemies 1.6
    • Death, succession of Rehoboam, and kingdom division 1.7
  • Apocryphal texts 2
  • Jewish scriptures 3
  • Historicity 4
    • Chronology 4.1
  • Wealth 5
  • Religious views 6
    • Judaism 6.1
    • Christianity 6.2
    • Islam 6.3
    • Baha'i 6.4
  • Legends 7
    • One Thousand and One Nights 7.1
    • Angels and magic 7.2
      • Seal of Solomon 7.2.1
      • Solomon and Asmodeus 7.2.2
      • Artifacts 7.2.3
      • Angels 7.2.4
      • In the Kabbalah 7.2.5
      • The palace without entrance 7.2.6
    • Throne 7.3
  • Freemasonry 8
  • In literature, art and music 9
    • Literature 9.1
    • Film 9.2
    • Music 9.3
  • See also 10
  • Notes 11
  • References 12
  • Bibliography 13
  • External links 14

Biblical account

Succession

Cornelis de Vos, The Anointing of Solomon