World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Sayed Mohammad Gulabzoy

Article Id: WHEBN0027715843
Reproduction Date:

Title: Sayed Mohammad Gulabzoy  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mohammad Aslam Watanjar, Democratic Republic of Afghanistan, Hafizullah Amin, KGB, Babrak Karmal
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Sayed Mohammad Gulabzoy

Sayed Mohammad Gulabzoy
Gulabzoy (centre) leading an Afghan delegation to the Soviet Union
Member of the House of the People
for Khost Province
Incumbent
Assumed office
7 December 2005
Minister of Internal Affairs
In office
28 December 1979 – 15 November 1988
Preceded by Faqir Mohammad Faqir
Succeeded by Mohammad Aslam Watanjar
Minister of Communications
In office
8 July 1978 – 15 September 1979
Preceded by Mohammad Aslam Watanjar
Succeeded by Mohammad Zarif
Personal details
Born 1951
Khost Province, Afghanistan
Political party People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan
Profession Military officer

Major General Sayed Muhammad Gulabzoi(born 1951) is an Afghan politician.

An ethnic Pashtun from the Zadran tribe, Gulabzoy was born in Paktia Province. An Air Force mechanic by training, he studied at the Air Force college. As an air force officer, he supported Daoud Khan's 1973 coup d'état which overthrew King Zahir Shah, for which he was rewarded with the position of Aide to the Air Force Commander. In 1976, he went to the Soviet Union to study radar technology.[1]

He was recruited into the Khalq faction of the communist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan by Hafizullah Amin. He held only a minor role in the Saur Revolution of 1978, which brought the PDPA to power. Following the coup, he was appointed aide to President Nur Muhammad Taraki, and later Minister of Communications.[1] As internal struggles grew within the communist regime, he distanced himself from Amin, and joined a group of officers(the "gang of four") plotting against Amin, which also included Aslam Watanjar and Assadullah Sarwari. When their coup failed, the conspirators took refuge in the Soviet embassy on September 14, 1979. In December 1979, Gulabzoy and his allies assisted the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan by serving as guides to the invading Soviet troops.[2]

During the invasion, Soviet forces killed Amin and installed Parcham leader Babrak Karmal in power. Karmal was forced to compose with the rival Khalq faction, as many key posts in the military were still occupied by Khalqis. As a conciliatory measure, Gulabzoy, a prominent Khalqi, was appointed Minister of Interior. As such he was placed in command of the Sarandoy ("Defenders of the Revolution"), a heavily armed paramilitary gendarmerie force.[3]

In November 1988, amid renewed tensions between Khalq and Parcham, he was removed from his post and sent to Moscow as ambassador by Parchami president Mohammad Najibullah. He was rumoured to have proposed himself to the Soviets as a potential replacement for Najibullah.[4] In March 1990, following an unsuccessful coup attempt by General Shahnawaz Tanai, Gulabzoy was expelled from the party, along with other Khalqis.[5]

In 2005 he was elected to represent Khost Province in Afghanistan's Wolesi Jirga, the lower house of its National Legislature.[6]

He holds Master's degrees in Law and Military Science, and sat on the Internal Security Committee.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b Amstutz, J. Bruce (1986). Afghanistan: The First Five Years of Soviet Occupation. Diane publishing. p. 388.  
  2. ^ Kakar, Hassan M. (1995). Afghanistan: The Soviet Invasion and the Afghan Response, 1979-1982. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 185 and 315.  
  3. ^  
  4. ^ Urban, p.259
  5. ^ Maley, William (2002). The Afghanistan Wars. Palgrave MacMillan. p. 173.  
  6. ^ a b "Profile: Khost Profile".   mirror


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.