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Sandalj Hranić Kosača

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Sandalj Hranić Kosača

Sandalj Hranić
Grand Duke of Hum
Duchy of Sandalj Hranić in the early 15th century
Reign 1392—1435
Predecessor Vlatko Vuković
Successor Stjepan Vukčić Kosača
Born 1370
Died 15 March 1435

Sandalj Hranić Kosača (Cyrillic: Сандаљ Хранић Косача; 1370 – 15 March 1435) was a Bosnian[1] medieval noble from the House of Kosača. He ruled the area between Neretva and Drina rivers in Bosnia with the title Grand Duke of Hum between 1392 and his death in 1435. He was married three times, but had no children. After his death, he was succeeded by his nephew Stjepan Vukčić Kosača.

As the head of the House of Kosača, Sandalj Hranić succeeded his uncle Vlatko Vuković.

When Ladislaus of Naples sold his rights to the kingdom of Dalmatia to the Republic of Venice and retreated from the Balkans in 1409, many local nobles allied themselves with the emperor Sigismund and accepted Ostoja as the King of Bosnia. This seriously weakened the position of Hrvoje whose niece Katarina was Sandalj's second wife. In such circumstances Sandalj also allied with emperor Sigismund in mid 1411 and decided to establish closer connections with Sigismund's important ally Stefan Lazarević by marrying his sister Jelena.[2] In December 1411 he divorced his wife Katarina and married Jelena at the end of the same year.[3][4][5] This marriage had its important political consequences because Hranić, the most dangerous enemy of Balša III, became his stepfather and protector.[6] With this marriage Sandalj spoiled the relations with Hrvoje but strengthened traditionally close relations with Lazarević family.[7] Jelena went to live with her husband in Herzegovina and Balša remained as the only governor of Zeta.[8] Although Jelena was ih her forties Hranić hoped they would have children and left a deposit in Dubrovnik dedicated to the child they would eventually have.[9]

After 1419 Sandalj became the most powerful man in the region of Bosnia and Herzegovina. After he took part in the conspiracy to kill Pavle Radenović in 1415, Hranić came in conflict with Pavlović family. In fighting against them, he allied with Ottoman Empire. In 1420 Ishak Bey organized unsuccessful campaign in Bosnia to support Sandalj's struggle against his enemies.[10]

At the beginning of February 1426 a special ceremony was dedicated to Jelena and Sandalj in Dubrovnik when they attended the feast of Sveti Vlaho (Saint Blaise), who is the city's patron saint.[11] Sandalj often had conflicts with King Stephen Tvrtko II of Bosnia, even refusing to attend his wedding to Dorothy Garai in 1428.

Sandalj died in 1435. He was succeeded by his nephew Stjepan Vukčić Kosača who was a son of Sandalj's brother Vukac.



Regnal titles
Preceded by
Vlatko Vuković
Grand Duke of Hum
Succeeded by
Stjepan Vukčić Kosača
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