World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Radoslav Čelnik

Article Id: WHEBN0003689013
Reproduction Date:

Title: Radoslav Čelnik  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of Vojvodina, List of Serbs, History of Serbia, Jovan Nenad, Serbian Grand Principality
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Radoslav Čelnik

Radoslav Čelnik
Duke of Syrmia
Radoslav Čelnik's province (1527–30)
Reign 1527–1532
Predecessor Emperor Jovan Nenad

Radoslav Čelnik (Serbian Cyrillic: Радослав Челник, Hungarian: Radoszláv Cselnik; fl. 1526–1532), known as Vojvoda Rajko (војвода Рајко), was a Serb general (vojvoda) in the army of Jovan Nenad, the titular Serbian Emperor who held present-day Vojvodina, who after the death of Jovan Nenad (1527) took part of the army from Bačka to Syrmia and acceded into Ottoman service. Radoslav then ruled over Syrmia as "Duke of Syrmia (Srem)", initially as an Ottoman vassal (1527–1530) and then as a Habsburg vassal (1530–1532), until the region was conquered by the Ottomans. His residence and capital was in Slankamen.

Contents

  • Life 1
    • Service under Jovan Nenad 1.1
    • Rule of Syrmia 1.2
    • Retreat into Hungarian/Habsburg territory 1.3
  • Aftermath and legacy 2
  • Annotations 3
  • References 4

Life

Radoslav hailed from Orahovica.[1]

Service under Jovan Nenad

He was one of the generals of Jovan Nenad, the titular Serbian Emperor who occupied a province of the former Kingdom of Hungary which had been conquered by the Ottomans in 1526, in present-day Vojvodina. Jovan Nenad had defeated the Ottomans in Syrmia and the neighbouring regions, and had supported Ferdinand after John Zapolya refused to acknowledge his rule over Bačka, Banat and Syrmia. After defeating Zapolya's army he had himself proclaimed "Serbian Emperor". Jovan Nenad's army was then led by the chief general, Radoslav. In 1526, Radoslav held a province under Jovan Nenad, which included a town known as Belzond, near Sonta.[2] By the beginning of 1527 the army had ca. 15,000 soldiers. In 1527, he is mentioned alongside Emperor Jovan in Subotica as his "personal and general captain".[3]

After the murder of Jovan Nenad (1527) and fall of the territory, Radoslav had an army of 2,000 in Upper Podunavlje.[4] He had taken part of the destroyed and dispersed army from Bačka to Syrmia, and acceded into Ottoman service.[3]

Rule of Syrmia

Radoslav then ruled over Syrmia as an Ottoman vassal and styled himself as the "Duke of Syrmia (Srem)", while his residence was in Slankamen.

At the same, he also secretly kept relations with the Habsburgs, which the Ottomans soon understood. Ferdinand had much hope in Radoslav.[5] When the Ottoman army passed through Srem, Radoslav Čelnik crossed into Habsburg territory, and then returned when they had left. In 1530 he denounced the Ottoman vassalage and officially became a Habsburg nobleman, entitled the rule of Syrmia. In 1532, the Ottomans conquered Syrmia.

Retreat into Hungarian/Habsburg territory

With the Ottoman conquest of Syrmia in 1532,[6] Radoslav retreated to Slavonia, and later lived in his town called Nebojc.[7][8] It was located on the river Vuka, near Vukovar. Many Syrmian Serbs migrated into Hungary with the Ottoman conquest.[6]

Aftermath and legacy

He is enumerated in Serbian epic poetry, in the song Margita devojka i vojvoda Rajko (Маргита девојка и војвода Рајко).

He may be the same as veliki komornik Raka Milošević,[9] who served Despot Jovan Branković.

Annotations

  • "Lord of Syrmia" or "Duke of Syrmia" (господар сремски војвода Радослав Челник).

References

  1. ^ Sinđel Dimitrije Dušan Balać (1943). Istorijska prava srpskog naroda na krajeve: Dalmaciju, Krbavu, Liku, Gorski Kotar, Žemberak, Kordun, Baniju i Slavoniju. Izdao Srpski narodni savez. p. 6. 
  2. ^ Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti (1952). Posebna izdanja 193. pp. 19, 76. 
  3. ^ a b Vuk Stefanović Karadžić; R. Aleksić (1958). Pjesme junačke srednijijeh vremena. Prosveta. p. 591. 
  4. ^ Ljubivoje Cerović (1999). Srbi na Slovensku. Kultúra. p. 29. 
  5. ^ Univerzitet u Beogradu. Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu; Univerzitet u Novom Sadu. Filozofski fakultet (1963). Godišnjak 7–8. p. 28. 
  6. ^ a b Летопис Матице српске 351. У Српској народној задружној штампарији. 1939. p. 114. 
  7. ^ Lazo M. Kostić (1990). Sporne teritorije Srba i Hrvata. Dosije. p. 272. 
  8. ^ Aleksa Ivić (1909). Seoba srba u hrvatsku i slavoniju: prilog ispitivanju srpske prošlodti tokom 16. i 17. veka. Sremski karlovci. 
  9. ^ Lazar Čurčić (2006). Ishodi i staze srpskih knjiga 18. veka. Biblioteka Matice srpske. p. 23. 
  • Dr. Aleksa Ivić, Istorija Srba u Vojvodini, Novi Sad, 1929.
  • Dr. Dušan J. Popović, Srbi u Vojvodini, knjiga 1, Novi Sad, 1990.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.