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Title: Magool  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: National Theatre of Somalia, Mogadishu Stadium, K'naan, List of Somalis, Music of Somalia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Birth name Halima Khaliif Omar
Born (1948-05-02)May 2, 1948
Dhusamareb, Somalia
Died March 19, 2004(2004-03-19) (aged 55)
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Genres Somali music
Occupation(s) musician
Instruments vocals
Years active 1960s–1990s

Magool (Somali: Magool, Arabic: مغول‎) (May 2, 1948 – March 19, 2004), born Halima Khaliif Omar, was a Somali singer.


  • Early years 1
  • Peak 2
  • Later years 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

Early years

Magool was born in the city of Dhusa Mareb, the capital of the Galgaduud region in central Somalia. She had four siblings.

In 1959, while living at the house of a cousin of hers named Mohamed Hashi, she joined a small Mogadishu-based band. Within that year, she moved to Hargeysa, where she accompanied the latter city's version of the Mogadishu-based Waaberi ensemble of musicians. It was at this point that fellow musician and songwriter Yusuf Haji Adan dubbed her Magool (meaning "flower"), a nickname by which she would come to be popularly known.

In the mid-1960s, Magool returned to Mogadishu. She then married a young general named Mohamed Nur Galaal. The marriage did not last but her popularity continued to rise.


In the 1970s, Magool sang famous patriotic songs while Somalia was at war with Ethiopia over the Ogaden.

By the late 1970s, while she still interpreted love tunes, Magool also began singing Islamic songs that criticized Somalia's then ruling military government. A self-imposed exile followed, which would last until 1987. Her concert of that year marking her return to the nation's capital, titled "Mogadishu and Magool", is to date the most successful concert in Somali history, with more than 15,000 people reportedly turning out in the city's stadium.

Magool's unique performances, ability to memorize entire albums' worth of material in a matter of hours, and her deep, emotive voice would eventually earn her the title of Hoyadii Fanka, or "Mother of Artistry."

Later years

On March 19, 2004, Magool died in a hospital in Amsterdam of breast cancer. She did not leave any children but her nephew is the famous Somali-Canadian rapper/singer K'naan.

See also


  • Magool Songs
  • 'A brave man doesn't need weapons'. Robin Denselow, The Guardian. Friday May 25, 2007

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