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Macedonians in Romania

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Macedonians in Romania

Macedonians in Romania
Македонци во Романија
Macedonenienii din România
Total population
695 (2002 census)[1] - 6,000 (est.)[2]
Regions with significant populations
Bucharest , Galaţi and Ploieşti
Languages
predominately Macedonian[3]
Religion
Eastern Orthodox
Related ethnic groups
Macedonian People

The Macedonians of Romania are a recognised minority with full minority rights. As of the 2002 census, 695 ethnic Macedonians lived in Romania.[4] There are concentrations of Macedonians in Bucharest, Galaţi and Ploieşti.

Immigration

In the Middle Ages, the region of Macedonia was part of the Ottoman Empire. For the inhabitants of the region, Romanian states (Wallachia and Moldavia) presented an ideal for political, religious and social freedom, so much of the population emigrated.[5]

In Timiş County, a village with the name Macedonia was mentioned in documents in 1332–1337 (as Machedonia). The name of the village comes from the founder, the noble family Maczedonia, and the name of this family is related to Macedonia.[6]

Another documented instance of the migration from Macedonia was when Nicodim of Prilep came to Valahia from Prilep and built monasteries in Tismana, Vodiţa, Prislop, Vişina.[7] Many Slavs from the region of Macedonia left for Wallachia, because they had good relations with Aromanians in Romania (who had also migrated from the southern Balkans) and other Macedonians in Wallachia.[8] The Aromanians, an Eastern Romance people (Vlachs), sometimes refer to themselves as Makidoni, or are referred to by others as Machedoni, Macedo-Romanians or Macedo-Aromanians.

After the Greek Civil War, thousands of Greek and ethnic Macedonians fled Greece. Many were evacuated to Romania. A large evacuation camp was established in the Romanian town of Tulgheș. It was there that many of the younger children were reunited with their parents.[9] It is thought that 5,132 children were evacuated to Romania along with 1,981 men and 1,939 women. The group of children evacuated was the largest in Romania. There in Romania, the most provisions were set up for them across the entire Eastern Bloc, excluding Yugoslavia. That group of children would go on to form the recognised minority group of Macedonians in Romania.

To distinguish between the two groups, the ethnic Macedonians are a nation developed during the 20th century and are sometimes also referred to as Slavic Macedonians, including in the Romanian 2002 Census.[10]

Organisations

The Association of Macedonians in Romania (Macedonian: Друштвото на Македонците во Романија, Romanian: Asociaţia Democratica a Macedonenilor din România) is also from 2000, an ethnic political party. It represents the Macedonian minority in Romania. The party has a seat in the Chamber of Deputies. The current member of the Macedonian minority in Romania is Liana Dumitrescu, who has served since 2004, when she replaced Vasile Ioan Savu, in office from 2000.[11] Dumitrescu heads the party, which forms part of the parliamentary group of national minorities.[12] At the 2000 elections the group received 8,000 votes,[13] and in 2004, 3 Macedonian political parties from Romania, lead and participated at election by AMR, obtained more than 25,000 votes.[14] However two other Political Parties, Asociatia Macedonenilor din Romania and Asociaţia Cultura a Macedonenilor din România also polled well with 9595 and 9750 votes respectively.[15] This has prompted many people to estimate the number of Macedonians in Romania at over 20,000.

See also

References

External links

  • Association of Macedonians in Romania
  • Ethnic Minorities of Romania
  • AMR
  • AMR Votes
  • AMR in Parliament of Romania

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