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List of political parties in Afghanistan

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This article lists political parties in Afghanistan.

Afghanistan has a multi-party system in development with numerous political parties, in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments. No political party is permitted to exist that advocates anything that is deemed to go against Islamic morality.

The current law governing the formation of political parties was promulgated in 2009, and requires parties to have at least 10,000 members, (previously they had only needed 700 members).[1] The Afghan Ministry of Justice has registered 84 parties since the new law took effect.[2]


  • Major parties 1
  • Minor parties 2
  • Former, banned and unrecognized parties 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5
  • See also 6

Major parties

English name Original name Ideology Notes
Afghanistan United Nation Party Afghanistan Motahid Millat Gowand ( افغانستان متحد ملت ګوند ) Socialism
Gender Equality
National United Party of Afghanistan National United Party of Afghanistan Socialism
Gender Equality
Solidarity Party of Afghanistan Solidarity party of Afghanistan Socialism
Gender Equality
Hizb ut-Tahrir Hizb ut-Tahrir Islamism
Afghan Peace Movement Afghan Peace Movement Socialism
Islamic Party Hezb-e Islami Islamism
Republican Party of Afghanistan Hezbi Jumhori Afghanistan Republicanism
Islamic Society Jamiat-e Islami Islamism
Islamic Movement of Afghanistan Harakat-e Islami-yi Islamism
Afghan Social Democratic Party Afghan Mellat Social democracy
Islamic United Party of Afghanistan Hezb-e Wahdat-e Islami Afghanistan Islamism
Islamic Dawah Organisation of Afghanistan Ittehad-I Islami Bara-yi Azadi Afghanistan Islamism
National Islamic Movement of Afghanistan Junbish-i-Milli Islami Afghanistan Secularism
National Rescue Front hezb jabha nijat mili Islamism
Afghan Liberal Party Hezbe Azadikhwa Afghanistan Secularism

Minor parties

Former, banned and unrecognized parties

Since the coup in 1973, Afghanistan has had many different political parties. These include Mohammed Daoud Khan's National Revolutionary Party of Afghanistan, the People's Democratic Party and the Democratic Watan Party of Afghanistan from the communist era, and the Northern Alliance that took power after the Fall of Kabul in April 1992, and ran the country until the Taliban's coup in 1996.

English name Ideology Notes
Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan Communism, Maoism Small, underground Maoist party, founded in 2004. Aims to wage a people's war against the American occupation, and turn Afghanistan into a socialist state.
Democratic Watan Party of Afghanistan Marxism, Islamic socialism, secularism Formed by president Najibullah in 1990 in order to get more supporters for his socialist government. Ceased to exist as a formal party after the fall of Najibullah's government in 1992. Most members have fled the country or left the party, and many members were executed by the Taliban regime. Still claims to exist, but is not formally recognized as a party.
National Revolutionary Party of Afghanistan Republicanism, Secularism Party founded by first president Mohammad Daoud Khan. Only legal party under his rule. Ceased to exist after a bloody military coup by the communists in 1978.
People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan Communism, secularism, progressivism Communist party founded in 1965. Gained power in a 1978 coup, and was the dominant party of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan from 1978 to 1990. Replaced by the Democratic Watan Party in 1990.
Shalleh-ye Javiyd Communism, Maoism Banned in 1969 for opposing the Shah regime.
Taliban Islamism, Islamic fundamentalism, Pashtun nationalism Armed group, founded in 1994. Ruled most of the country from 1996 to 2001. Ousted and banned by the US invasion in 2001. Has been at war with the US-backed government in Afghanistan and US-led Coalition forces since.


  1. ^ (accessed 14 December 2012)"Political Parties in Afghanistan," British Embassy in Kabul website
  2. ^ (accessed 14 December 2012)"Afghanistan sees new political parties form: Activism indicates defeat of militancy, politicians say," by Zia Ur Rehman, Central Asia Online, 11 September 2012

External links

  • د افغانستان متحد ملت ګوند Afghanistan United Nation Party Website
  • Licensed political parties (from the Afghanistan Ministry of Justice)
  • Leftist parties of Afghanistan
  • Crisis Group Asia Briefing N°39, Political Parties in Afghanistan, 5 June 2005
  • Afghanistan Analysts Network series on Afghan political parties (begun in 2012)
  • Political Parties in Afghanistan United States Institute of Peace

See also

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