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Hezbi Islami

Hezbi Islami
د افغانستان اسلامي حزب
Leader Arghandiwal
Founder Gulbuddin Hekmatyar
Founded 1975
Preceded by Muslim Youth
Succeeded by HIG
HIK
HIKF
Ideology Islamism
Social Conservatism
Political position Right-wing
Seats in the House of the People
16 / 249
Seats in the House of Elders
0 / 102
Party flag
Politics of Afghanistan
Political parties
Elections

Hezbi Islami (also Hezb-e Islami, Hezb-i-Islami, Hezbi-Islami, Hezb-e-Islami), meaning Islamic Party[1] is an Kabul by students and teachers at Kabul University in 1969 to combat communism in Afghanistan.[2] Its membership was drawn from ethnic Pashtuns, and its ideology from the Muslim Brotherhood and Abul Ala Maududi's Jamaat-e-Islami.[2] Another source describes it as having splintered away from Burhanuddin Rabbani's original Islamist party, Jamiat-e Islami, in 1976, after Hekmatyar found that group too moderate and willing to compromise with others.[3]

Hezbi Islami seeks to emulate the Ikhwan militia of Saudi Arabia and to replace the various tribal factions of Afghanistan with one unified Islamic state. This puts them at odds with the more tribe-oriented Taliban.[4]

In 1979,

External links

  • Sedra, Mark. "The Taliban still larger than life", Asia Times Online, 2004-03-11.
  • Afghanistan online. Political parties/groups and leaders in Afghanistan
  • Declassified October 8, 2002 Report by DIA
  1. ^
  2. ^ a b The Columbia World Dictionary of Islamism, Olivier Roy, Antoine Sfeir, editors, (2007), p.132
  3. ^
  4. ^ Seth Jones’s article The Rise of Afghanistan’s Insurgency: State Failure and Jihad page. 28-29
  5. ^ "2001 Report on Foreign Terrorist Organizations", "Fact Sheet: Foreign Terrorist Organizations List" October 23, 2002, "Fact Sheet: Foreign Terrorist Organizations List" January 30, 2003, "Fact Sheet: Foreign Terrorist Organization Designations Table" December 30, 2004, "Fact Sheet:Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs)" October 11, 2005, "Country Reports on Terrorism: Chapter 8 -- Foreign Terrorist Organizations" April 28, 2006
  6. ^ "U.S. Designates Foreign Terrorist Organizations: List includes 42 groups, 43 others deemed “of concern”" April 30, 2007
  7. ^
  8. ^ Political parties/groups and leaders in Afghanistan
  9. ^ Suicide attack in Afghan capital claimed by Hezb-e-Islami
  10. ^ [1], New York Times, 2013

Sources

See also

On 16 May 2013 Hezbi Islami claimed responsibility for another attack in Kabul in the form of an explosive-loaded Toyota Corolla that was rammed into a pair of American military vehicles in which 16 people were killed.[10]

On 18 September 2012 Hezbi Islami claimed responsibility of a suicide attack in Kabul, carried out by an 18-year-old woman in which nine people were killed. They said it was in retaliation for the film Innocence of Muslims.[9]

A new similar party in Pakistan called the Pakistan hezbi islami (PHI) has recently been formed that gives moral support to the Afghan resistance but not weapons to be used inside Pakistan.

Today, the non-violent faction of the Hezbi Islami is a registered political party in Afghanistan, led by Arghandiwal.[8]

[7] In 2008, the International Security Assistance Force estimated that the military component of Hezbi Islam was about 1,000 strong, including part-time fighters.[6] However, Hezb-e-Islami Gulbuddin is on the additional list called "Groups of Concern."[5]

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