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Eero Järnefelt

Eero Järnefelt (1920s)

Erik (Eero) Nikolai Järnefelt (8 November 1863 in Helsinki) was a Finnish painter and art professor. He is best known for his portraits and landscapes of the area around Koli National Park.


  • Biography 1
  • Selected paintings 2
  • References 3
  • Further reading 4
  • External links 5


He was the son of General Alexander Järnefelt and Baroness Elisabeth Järnefelt (née Clodt von Jürgensburg).[1] Several of his eight siblings also became well-known: Kasper (a literary critic), Arvid (a judge and writer), Armas (a composer and conductor) and Aino (wife of Jean Sibelius).[2]

Portrait of his wife, Saimi

After graduating from a private academy, he studied at the Academy of Fine Arts, Helsinki from 1874 to 1878, the Imperial Academy of Arts from 1883 to 1886 (where one of his teachers was his uncle, Mikhail Clodt), and the Académie Julian in Paris from 1886 to 1888, where he studied with Tony Robert-Fleury. A major influence was the Naturalism of Jules Bastien-Lepage.[2]

In 1889, he married the actress Mir Iskusstva.

In 1901, he built a home that he named "Suviranta" at the artists' colony near Lake Tuusula, designed by Usko Nyström. He lived there only until 1917, then moved to Helsinki, but it is still owned and used by his family.[3]

From 1902 to 1928, he taught drawing at the University of Helsinki. He was appointed a Professor there in 1912 and served as Chairman of the "Finnish Academy of Fine Arts".[2] His last major work was an altarpiece for the church in Raahe, completed in 1926. A major retrospective was held in 2013, which included several previously unknown works.

Selected paintings


  1. ^ Biography and appreciation @ Kultakausi.
  2. ^ a b c d Brief biography @ Kansallisbiografia.
  3. ^ Suviranta @ Ainola.

Further reading

  • Leena Lindqvist (ed.), Taiteilijan tiellä – Eero Järnefelt 1863 – 1937 (The Artist's Path), Otava, 2002 ISBN 951-1-144-66-9
  • Marko Toppi (ed.), Eero ja Saimi Järnefeltin kirjeenvaihtoa ja päiväkirjamerkintöjä 1889-1914 (correspondence and diaries, vol.1), SKS, 2009 ISBN 978-952-222-113-1
  • Marko Toppi (ed.), Vain tosi on pysyväistä. Eero ja Saimi Järnefeltin kirjeenvaihtoa ja päiväkirjamerkintöjä 1915-1944 (correspondence and diaries, vol.2), SKS, 2013 ISBN 978-952-222-399-9.

External links

  • Arcadja Auctions: More works by Järnefelt
  • Finnish 10 Euro Coin (2013) honoring Eero Järnefelt @ the Mint of Finland
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