Dean Alfange

Dean Alfange
Alfange in 1922
Member of the New York State Racing and Wagering Board
In office
1970s – 1975
Serving with Joseph H. Boyd
Emil Mosbacher, Jr.
Governor Nelson Rockefeller
Deputy New York State Attorney General
Personal details
Born December 2, 1897
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Died October 24, 1989(1989-10-24) (aged 91)
Manhattan, New York City, United States
Nationality American
Political party American Labor Party, Democratic Party, Liberal Party of New York,
Spouse(s) Thalia Perry
Children Dean Alfange, Jr.
Alma mater Hamilton College
Columbia University Law School
Occupation Politician
Profession Attorney
Military service
Allegiance  USA
Service/branch United States Army
Battles/wars World War I

Dean Alfange (December 2, 1897 – October 24, 1989)[1] was an Zionist groups.

He was a prominent liberal legal commentator who supported the notion of judicial activism and a Living Constitution. He ran for a number of offices, including Governor of New York, where his candidacy split the liberal vote, allowing Thomas E. Dewey to win the governorship. He also ran for the United States House of Representatives, but lost again. He is well remembered for a short piece he wrote entitled either "An American's Creed" or simply "My Creed". The Creed espouses the ideas of self-reliance and freedom.

Life

Early life and education

Alfange was born in Constantinople in the Ottoman Empire, to two ethnic Greek parents.[2] His parents moved to New York when he was still an infant, where they raised him in Utica, New York.[1][2] He graduated from Utica Free Academy in 1918, and joined the United States Army during World War I.

After the war, he attended Hamilton College and graduated in 1922 with honors in philosophy, where he was a member of Phi Beta Kappa Society.[2][3] Alfange remained active at the college, and when he received the Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Award for his book The Supreme Court and the National Will, he donated the prize to Hamilton College, establishing the ongoing Dean Alfange Essay Award, given to two students each year for essays on American constitutional government.[4] He received a juris doctor from Columbia University Law School and became a lawyer in Manhattan.[2]

Later life

He was married to Thalia Perry, with whom he had one child, Dean Alfange, Jr.[2] who went on to become a professor of political science at the University of Massachusetts. Alfange died October 24, 1989 in Manhattan from cancer.[2]

Legal career

Alfange received his degree from Columbia University Law School, and was admitted to the American Bar Association in 1925.[1] He criticized the United States Supreme Court for its treatment of New Deal programs, urging they adopt a more progressive attitude towards the policies. He contended that the programs should not be evaluated solely on their legality, but on their possible moral and economic effects, as well as public perception at the time.[5] He supported Truman's notion of a Living Constitution.[5]

Later in his political career, Alfange served as the Deputy New York State Attorney General.[1]

Political career

Democratic Party

In 1940, Franklin Delano Roosevelt made Alfange chairman of the Democratic foreign-language speakers' bureau of his third election campaign.[2] In 1941, he received the nomination for the United States Congress running out of the Upper East Side, then known as the Silk Stocking District, but lost to Joseph C. Baldwin,[2] receiving 16,690 votes.[6]

American Labor Party

Alfange served as head of the American Labor Party for several years in the late 1930s.[2] In 1942, he received the nomination for Governor of New York. Though he received the nomination, the American Labor Party only officially fielded a candidate after Sen. James Mead, the man they had backed for the Democratic nomination, lost to John J. Bennett, Jr. in the primary.[7] Mayor of New York City Fiorello La Guardia supported Alfange in this election.[8] Alfange finishing in third place[2] with 409,047 votes,[9][10] or about 17.7 percent of votes cast.[11] With this figure, Alfange garnered more votes than any other American Labor candidate ever had or would again in a state-wide election; these votes split the liberal vote and played a large role in Thomas E. Dewey's victory.[12]

Liberal Party

Alfange led a walkout against the Labor Party in 1944 when pro and anti-Liberal Party of New York.[2][13]

Republican

Then Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller named Alfange head of the New York State Racing and Wagering Board in the early 1970s. He served until Hugh L. Carey abolished the board in 1975.[2]

Activism

Alfange served in a number of activist and ethnic organizations, including heading the Greek-Americans. He also served as president of La Guardia Memorial House, a settlement house, for more than 40 years.[2]

Alfange headed the Christian's moral and religious duty to help Jews victimized by the Nazis.[15]

An American's Creed

Alfange is remembered for a short statement he wrote in the 1950s entitled "An American's Creed" or simply "My Creed". The creed originally appeared in [1]

Bibliography

  • The Supreme Court and the National Will.  

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Rogan, Mary Ellen (July 1990). "Dean Alfange Papers".  
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Fowler, Glenn (27 October 1989). "Dean Alfange, Liberal Leader, Is Dead at 91".  
  3. ^ The Trustees of Hamilton College (2010). "An Inspiration to All: Dean Alfange, Class of 1922".  
  4. ^ The Trustees of Hamilton College (2010). "Coming Full Circle: Alfange, Kayle, Coleman, Mandel and Alfange".  
  5. ^ a b Pestritto, Ronald; Thomas West (2007). "2". Modern America and the Legacy of the Founding.  
  6. ^  
  7. ^  
  8. ^  
  9. ^ "U.S. At War: Tom Dewey Gets There".  
  10. ^ Van Devander, Charles (1974). "Murphy's Spawn". The Big Bosses. Ayer Publishing. p. 57.  
  11. ^ Meyer, Gerald (1989). Vito Marcantonio: Radical Politician 1902-1954.  
  12. ^  
  13. ^ "Dean Alfange; Helped Found Liberal Party".  
  14. ^  
  15. ^ a b  
  16. ^ Platt, Suzy (1993). Respectfully Quoted: A Dictionary of Quotations.  
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