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Title: Darbari  
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Subject: Bhimsen Joshi, Amir Khan (singer), Sawai Gandharva Bhimsen Festival, Shahid Parvez, Patiala gharana, Avarohana, Vilayat Khan
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"Raag Darbari" redirects here. For the novel, see Raag Darbari (novel).
"Darbari" redirects here. For places in Iran, see Darbari, Iran.
Raga Darbari Kanada
File:Abdul Wahid Khan - Raga Darbari Kanada.ogg
Abdul Wahid Khan performs Raga Darbari Kanada in 1947

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Darbari Kanada, or simply Darbari, (pronounced darbāri kānada), is a raga in the Kanada family, which is thought to have originated in Carnatic music and brought into North Indian music by Miyan Tansen, the legendary 16th-century composer in emperor Akbar's court. This tradition is reflected in the name itself; Darbar is the Persian derived word in Hindi meaning "court." As the most familiar raga in the Kanada family, it may sometimes also be called Shuddha Kanada or pure Kanada. It belongs to the Asavari thaat.[1]

It is also sometimes written as Durbari and Durbarikanada.[2]

In Hindustani classical music

Darbari is a grave raga, played deep into the night, considered to be one of the more difficult to master, and with the potential for profound emotional impact.[3]

The ascension of aroha is in the lower and middle octaves. In the avroha the note Ga (gandhar) komal is used in a weak manner and a slow vibrato (andolan) on this note. The association of the notes Ni and Pa sounds pleasing. Its Vadi swar is Re and Samavadi is Pa.

aroha: S R (R)g, (R)g M P d n S'

avroha: S' d n P M P (M)g, (M)g M (S)R, S

For reference, the set of notes in the Asavari thaat is S R g M P d n, and for Darbari, the role of the komal gandhar is crucial.

Other ragas in the Kanada family include Abhogi Kanada, Nayaki Kanada, Shahana Kanada, Kaushi Kanada and Adana. (see Adana is part of the Kanada Raga group)

Important Recordings

In Carnatic music

It is an ubhaya vakra sampurna rāgam derived from the 20th melakarta rāgam Natabhairavi.[4] Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music for details on the notations used):

This scale uses the notes chatusruti rishabham, sadharana gandharam, shuddha madhyamam, shuddha dhaivatham, kaisiki nishadham.[4]

Popular compositions

Darbari kanada resembles Kanada rāgam, and is suitable for Thillanas, Bhajans and other light melodies.[4]

Type Composition Composer talam
Tarangam Govardhana giridhara Narayana Teertha Adi
Kriti Devan ke pathi Swati Tirunal Adi
Thillana Thillana Muthiah Bhagavatar Adi
Thillana Thillana Veene Sheshanna Adi
Thillana Thillana S Kalyanaraman Adi


External links

  • Film Songs in Rag Darbari Kanada
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