Climate of Mauritius

Native name: Maurice
Nickname: The Star and Key of the Indian Ocean
Location of Mauritius
Location Indian Ocean

20°17′S 57°33′E / 20.283°S 57.550°E / -20.283; 57.550

Archipelago Mascarene Islands
Area 2,040 km2 (788 sq mi)
Highest elevation 828 m (2,717 ft)
Highest point Piton de la Petite Rivière Noire
Largest city Port Louis (pop. 147,688)
Population 1,264,866 (as of 2007)
Density 616 /km2 (1,595 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Indo-Mauritian 68%, Mauritian Creole people 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2%

Mauritius is an island located in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar.


The local climate is tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; there is a warm, dry winter from May to November and a hot, wet, and humid summer from November to May. Anti-cyclones affect the country during May to September. Cyclones affect the country during November–April. Hollanda (1994) and Dina (2002) were the worst two last cyclones to have affected the island.


Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar Geographic coordinates: 20°17′S 57°33′E / 20.283°S 57.550°E / -20.283; 57.550

Map references: World

Area (includes Agaléga, Cargados Carajos (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues):
total: 2,040 km²
land: 2,030 km²
water: 10 km²
note: includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoais (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 177 km

Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi)
continental shelf: 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi) or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi)

Terrain: small coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Piton de la Petite Rivière Noire 828 m

Natural resources: arable land, fish

Land use:
arable land: 38.24%
permanent crops: 1.96%
other: 59.80% (2011)

Irrigated land: 212.2 km² (2003)

Total renewable water resources: 2.75 km3 (2011)

Natural hazards: cyclones (November to April); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards

Environment - current issues: water pollution, degradation of coral reefs

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note: The main island, from which the country derives its name, is of volcanic origin and is almost entirely surrounded by coral reefs; former home of the dodo, a large flightless bird related to pigeons, driven to extinction by the end of the 17th century through a combination of hunting and the introduction of predatory species

Landscape near Les Mariannes.

Extreme points

This is a list of the extreme points of Mauritius, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location.

  • Northernmost point – Tappe à Terre, North Island, Agalega Islands
  • Easternmost point – Trou d’Argent, Rodrigues Island
  • Southernmost point - Le Gris Gris, Savanne District, Mauritius
  • Westernmost point - North West Point, North Island, Agalega Islands

See also

  • Mauritius
  • Mauritius Travel Information (English)
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