World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Blueprint Negev

Article Id: WHEBN0017238844
Reproduction Date:

Title: Blueprint Negev  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Negev, Unrecognized Bedouin villages in Israel, Arab citizens of Israel, Land management, Israeli society
Collection: Environment of Israel, Israeli Society, Land Management, Land Management in Israel, Negev
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Blueprint Negev

A community made up of Blueprint Negev mobile homes.

Blueprint Negev is a Jewish National Fund (JNF) project to construct new Jewish communities in the Negev region of Israel and boost Jewish settlement in the region.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Population redistribution 2
  • Beersheba redevelopment 3
  • New suburban communities 4
  • Environmental and social criticism 5
  • Clean-Tech clustering project 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

The last large-scale development project to accommodate and promote new Jewish immigration was during the 1980s, when "Operation Promised Land" was launched to accommodate massive upsurge of Jewish immigration from the Soviet Union and Ethiopia.

In May 2006, [1] Ynet reported that the community was "designated for wealthy, young American immigrants who want to make aliyah and live in style."[2] Former JNF President Ronald Lauder said that Blueprint Negev answers the need for Jews looking to make aliyah the pioneering way.[3]

Population redistribution

The plan aims to bring 250,000 new residents to the Negev over ten years. Toward that goal, the project has sought to direct Anglo (English-speaking) immigration to the Negev and has compiled a database (currently containing some 10,000 names) of current Israeli citizens interested in relocating to the Negev. After the Disengagement together with the Or Negev settlement movement,[4] the JNF was instrumental in helping Gaza evacuees find new homes in the Negev as cohesive units.[5][6]

Beersheba redevelopment

The plan aims to increase the population of Beersheba, the Negev's largest city. One of the main projects undertaken there is the Be’er Sheva River Walk, creating a 900-acre (3.6 km2) park inspired by San Antonio’s River Walk.[7] The plan includes green spaces, an amphitheater for events, a lake for boating and promenades for strolling. The JNF supported cleanup of the riverbed.

New suburban communities

The plan envisions the creation of 25 new suburban communities.[3] Seven communities that have already been established are Sansana (1999) 54 families, Tzukim (2001) 72 families, Merchav Am (2002) 34 families, Giv’ot Bar/Shomria (2004) 30 families, Haruv (2005) 30 families, Be'er Milka/Kmehin (2006) 12 families, Karmit, and Kasif.[8] Sansana is part of the Har Hebron Regional Council governing Hebron-area settlements.

Environmental and social criticism

Israeli and Jewish American environmental groups have expressed concern that creation of isolated suburban communities in the Negev will lead to water and energy intensive suburban sprawl[9] and strain Bedouin-Jewish relations.[4] They argue that the planned developments will require a large public investment per capita that benefits a small number of comparatively well-off immigrants in a region with high poverty rates.[10] Daniel Orenstein claims the project is not the answer to overdevelopment in the north.[11] Blueprint Negev has been accused of discriminating against Bedouins and endangering their way of life.[12]

Clean-Tech clustering project

In 2012, the OECD presented a paper for promoting development in the Negev, "Clean-Tech Clustering as an Engine for Local Development: The Negev Region." It cited the Negev's "niche in research, demonstration and testing in renewable energies and water efficiency," and described the region's 50 clean-tech businesses, 4 technological incubators and clean-tech research capacity as a "serious comparative advantage." [13]

References

  1. ^ JNF Update: creating new communities
  2. ^ Ynet on Peres' plans
  3. ^ a b Blueprint Negev
  4. ^ a b
  5. ^ "Jewish National Fund Responds Again for Gaza Evacuees"
  6. ^ "JNF Works to Make New Homes for Gaza Evacuees"
  7. ^ Jewish National Fund plants an emissary in Bay Area
  8. ^ JNF Update: Creating new communities
  9. ^
  10. ^ When an 'ecological' community is not
  11. ^ Daniel Orenstein. "Population Growth and Environmental Impact: Ideology and Academic Discourse in Israel", Population and Environment Volume 26, Number 1 (September, 2004)
  12. ^ The Forward: A JNF Drive To Make the Desert Bloom Means Destruction for a Bedouin Village
  13. ^ Clean-Tech clustering as an engine for local development

External links

  • JNF Blueprint Negev site
  • SavetheNegev.org
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.