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Title: Bemeizid  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kareth, Halakha, Chelev, Marit ayin, Shomea k'oneh
Collection: Hebrew Words and Phrases, Jewish Law Principles
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


The Hebrew adjective מזיד mezid means "deliberate." The adverbial form be-mezid means "deliberately." This Hebrew term is used in Jewish law to indicate that something was done on purpose. This matters in order to determine how culpable someone is for his actions. The opposite adjective is שוגג shogeg, "not on purpose."

In order to for an action to be considered deliberate, it must have been done with the knowledge that it was wrong, and with the intention of doing the action, and of his own free will. If he did not know the action was forbidden, or if a mistake of fact concerning his circumstances led him to believe that he was permitted to take that action in that situation, he is considered to have done the action beshogeg, "not on purpose." If he was forced to do the action, then it was done beones.

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