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Abu al-As ibn al-Rabi'

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Title: Abu al-As ibn al-Rabi'  
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Subject: 634 deaths, Zainab bint Muhammad, Sahabah
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Abu al-As ibn al-Rabi'

Abu al-Aas ibn al-Rabee (Arabic: أبو العاص بن الربيع‎) was a companion of Muhammad belonging to the Banu Abd Shams clan of the Quraish.


  • Biography 1
    • Family 1.1
    • Muhammad's era 1.2
  • Legacy 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4


His name was Abul-Aas Ibnur-Rabi (rta) from the clan of Abd Shams, a wealthy family. From his tribe Abul-Aas (rta) acquired the love of trade. People would entrust him with their money for investment. His aunt Khadijah (rta), the wife of the Prophet (sa), treated him as if he were one of her own children.He was the son-in-law of holy prophet. When Zainab (rta), the daughter of the Prophet (sa), matured, she was given in marriage to Abul-Aas (rta).


His maternal aunt was Khadijah bint Khuwaylid, the wife of Muhammad. He married Zaynab bint Muhammad, the daughter of Muhammad.

Muhammad's era

He participated in the battle of Badr with the Quraish and was taken captive by the Muslims. Zaynab sent her messenger to Medina bearing the ransom to free her husband which included a necklace her mother, Khadijah, had given to her before she died. When Muhammad saw the necklace he felt a surge of tenderness for his daughter and he set a condition on Abu-l Aas's freedom, that his daughter Zaynab be sent to him without delay.

As soon as he reached Mecca, Abu-l Aas ordered his wife to prepare herself for the journey, telling her that her father's messengers were waiting. The Quraish pursued Zaynab and Amr until they caught up with them. Abu Sufyan explained that they had no need to detain his wife but wished that she be taken in secret so as to not cause embarrassment to the recently defeated Quraish. Amr agreed and a few days later he took Zaynab to Muhammad's emissaries.


A narration attributed to Ali demanded the hand of the daughter of Abu Jahl. Fatimah heard of this and went to Allah's Apostle saying, "Your people think that you do not become angry for the sake of your daughters as 'Ali is now going to marry the daughter of Abu Jahl. "On that Allah's Apostle got up and after his recitation of Tashah-hud. I heard him saying, "Then after! I married one of my daughters to Abu Al-'As bin Al-Rabi' before Islam and he proved truthful in whatever he said to me. No doubt, Fatimah is a part of me, I hate to see her being troubled. By Allah, the daughter of Allah's Apostle and the daughter of Allah's Enemy cannot be the wives of one man." So 'Ali gave up that engagement. Miswar further said: I heard [Muhammad] talking and he mentioned a son-in-law of his belonging to the tribe of Banu Abd-Shams. He highly praised him concerning that relationship and said (whenever) he spoke to me, he spoke the truth, and whenever he promised me, he fulfilled his promise." reports:

See also


  1. ^ Sahih Bukhari (Volume 5, Book 57, Number 76).
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