World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Vilho Annala

Article Id: WHEBN0024380051
Reproduction Date:

Title: Vilho Annala  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Patriotic People's Movement (Finland), Civil servants
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Vilho Annala

Vilho Annala
Minister of Transport and Public Works
In office
4 January 1941 – 5 March 1943
Preceded by Karl-Erik Ekholm
Succeeded by Toivo Ikonen
Personal details
Born Vilho Annala
(1888-01-17)January 17, 1888
Lapua
Died July 28, 1960(1960-07-28) (aged 72)
Helsinki
Citizenship Finnish
Political party Lapua Movement, Patriotic People's Movement
Spouse(s) Inez Mirjam Wink
Alma mater University of Helsinki
Profession Professor
Vilho Annala (17 January 1888, Lapua - died 28 July 1960, Helsinki) was a Finnish civil servant, economist and far right politician.

Early years

He first came to prominence as a student at the University of Helsinki when edited the student union newspaper Ylioppilaslehti from 1916 to 1919.[1] He went on to work for the Bureau of Statistics, whilst serving on the editorial staff of the conservative daily Uusi Suomi.[1] He gained a doctorate in 1932 and became one of Finland's leading civil servants.[1]

Politics

Annala joined the Lapua Movement and became Helsinki District Chairman in February 1931.[1] Ideologically Annala was heavily influenced by the corporatism of Italian fascism.[2] He supported to co-opting of the working classes into the Lapua Movement and opposed the influence of wealthy industrialists.[1]

In April 1932 Annala joined Herman Gummerus and Erkki Räikkönen in founding the Patriotic People's Movement (IKL) and he served as caucus chairman from 1936 to 1944.[1] Between 1933 and 1945 he also represented the party in the Parliament of Finland.[1] Whilst the official leader was Vihtori Kosola real control of the movement rested with Annala and his close lieutenant Bruno Salmiala.[3] It was Annala who dictated the policy of the movement although his hard-line views led to condemnation by both the government and the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland that damaged the group.[1] Annala held the post of Minister of Transport in the unity government of Johan Wilhelm Rangell from 1941 to 1943.[4] This however was a last throw for the IKL as the group faded soon afterwards and Annala left politics.[1]

Later years

With his political career over Annala became an academic back at the University of Helsinki.[1] He served there as the professor of political economy 1951-57.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Philip Rees, Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890, 1990, p. 11
  2. ^ P. Davies & D. Lynch, Routledge Companion to Fascism and the Far Right, 2002, p. 196
  3. ^ F.L. Carsten, The Rise of Fascism, London: Methuen & Co, 1974, p. 168
  4. ^ Roger Griffin & Matthew Feldman, Fascism: The "Fascist Epoch", 2004, p. 174
  5. ^ UNIVERSITY OF HELSINKI TEACHER AND CIVIL SERVANT CATALOGUE 1918-2000
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.