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Jean Rollin

Jean Rollin
Jean Rollin
Born Jean Michel Rollin Roth Le Gentil
(1938-11-03)3 November 1938
Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, France
Died 15 December 2010(2010-12-15) (aged 72)
Paris, France
Occupation Director, actor, writer
Years active 1957–2010
Spouse(s) Simone Rollin (?–2010) (his death)

Jean Michel Rollin Roth Le Gentil (3 November 1938 – 15 December 2010) was a French film director, actor, and novelist best known for his work in the fantastique genre such as the vampire film Le Viol du Vampire (1968) and Fascination.[1] His films are noted for their exquisite, if mostly static, cinematography, off-kilter plot progression and poetic dialogue, their playful surrealism and recurrent use of well-constructed female lead characters. Outlandish denouments and abstruse visual symbols were trademarks throughout his 'dark fantasy' career. He was the first French director to recognise the acting capabilities of former porn actress Brigitte Lahaie, who took important roles in a number of his movies after appearing in Les Raisins de la Mort. Remarkably, in spite of their seeming high production values and precise craftsmanship, his films were made with very little money, and often under crushing deadlines.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Career 2
    • Early career and short films 2.1
    • 1968–1979 2.2
  • Death 3
  • Filmography 4
    • Additional credits 4.1
  • Recurring collaborators 5
  • Works 6
  • Further reading 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Early life

Jean Rollin was born in Neuilly-sur-Seine (now Hauts-de-Seine), France, to Claude Rollin, an actor and theatre director, who went by the stage name "Claude Martin", and Denise Rollin-Le Gentil, thus being born into an artistically inclined family.[2] His half-brother was actor Olivier Rollin.

Career

Early career and short films

Jean Rollin at the premiere of La Morte Vivante (1982)

Rollin had a passion for cinema from an early age. He saw his first film during the second World War, it was Capitaine Fracasse, a 1942 film directed by Abel Gance. Jean decided he want to make films when he grew up; his father, being a theatre actor, was a heavy influence on him. During his teens, he developed an obsession for American serials and read comic books. These serials were an obvious influence on him as a teenager. When he was 16, he found a job at Les Films de Saturne, he was there to help write invoices, and earned himself some money, and of course wanted to be involved in cinema. They specialized in creating opening and closing credits and short cartoons, but real films were also shot, and industrial shorts and documentaries were also made. Jean was part of the crew in a short documentary about Snecma, a big factory in France which built motors and planes. He arranged the tracking shots, laid the tracks, checked the electricity, and helped the cameraman. When Jean did his military service for the French army, he worked as an editor in the cinema department alongside Claude Lelouch. They worked on army commercials, Lelouch directed, and Jean did the montage, and also did two films, Mechanographie, a documentary, and La Guerre de Silence (The War of Silence), a real film with actors and a story. In 1958, he directed his first short film Les Amours Jaunes (The Yellow Lovers), which he directed after he left the army. He shot it on a 35mm Maurigraphe camera, and used a beach in Dieppe as his location, the same beach that was used in his later films. In 1960, Jean decided to direct his first feature film, but later abandoned the project as he had no money to finish it. His next short, Ciel de Cuivre (Sky of Copper), was directed in 1961, and was quite surreal, it told a sentimental story. He did not finish the film because he ran out of money and because it was not very good. The footage is now lost. In 1962, he was as an assistant director on the film Un Cheval pour Deux (A Horse for Two), which was not a great experience for him, and he decided to approach cinema in a different way. In the early sixties, Jean became interested in politics, and made a short documentary in 1964 called Vivre en Espagne (Life in Spain), it was about Generalissimo Francisco Franco, thirty minutes were filmed and it was not very good, but he risked a lot to get it made. Jean and the crew found themselves pursued by the police and just managed to make it back into France. Jean also directed a short film in 1965 called Les Pays Loins.

1968–1979

Rollin prior to receiving the Life Time Achievement Award at the Montreal Fantasia Film Festival on 15 July 2007

In 1968, Jean directed his first feature Le Viol du Vampire (The Rape of the Vampire). At the time he was still not known in the world of cinema, having only done a few short films and documentaries. The film was shot on a low budget, and consisted of two parts because it was originally supposed to be another short film, the second part was later added so that it was released as a feature film.[3] The release of Le Viol caused public scandal and outrage, his strong inspiration of American serials did not attract viewers. It was released during the events of May 1968, and due to the riots, it was a rare theatrical production at the time. Jean himself was also threatened due to this scandal,[4] because of this, Jean briefly decided to give up making films. His second feature La Vampire Nue (The Nude Vampire) was his first film in colour. It was mostly inspired by the 1916 film Judex, and also surrealism in general. Jean wanted to do something a little more temperate than Le Viol, a traditional mystery film. Anyways, as he himself stated, it came to bee the same kind of film as his first feature, it also has the same spirit. Le Frisson des Vampires (The Thrill of the Vampires) was heavily influenced by the trappings of the hippie movement. In 1971, Jean directed Requiem pour un Vampire (Requiem for a Vampire), which became one of his most successful films, and it was another low budget production, which almost took no money to make. There was no dialogue in the first forty minutes of the film, this was in Rollin's words to make the "ultimate naive film", simplifying the story, direction and cinematography.

During his lifetime, Rollin never shot his films on video but reverted from 35mm to 16mm.[5]

In the mid-70's, lack of regular work led the director to direct mostly pornographic films under various pseudonyms, a process he kept on going up until the 80's.

Death

Rollin died in December 2010 after a long illness. He is buried at cemetery Le Pere Lachaise in Paris, where his second son Carel also rests.[6]

Filmography

Title Year Director Writer Producer Actor Role English Title Notes
Le viol du vampire
1968
Yes Yes Yes Yes
Villager
Rape of the Vampire
La vampire nue
1969
Yes Yes No No N/A
The Nude Vampire
Le frisson des vampires
1970
Yes Yes Yes No N/A
The Thrill of the Vampires
Requiem pour un vampire
1971
Yes Yes No No N/A
Requiem for a Vampire
La secte du diable
1971
No No No Yes
Le prêtre sataniste
The Cult of the Devil
La rose de fer
1973
Yes Yes No Yes
Unnamed role
The Iron Rose
Jeunes filles impudiques
1973
Yes No No Yes
Man in Red Turtleneck
Schoolgirl Hitchhikers
Le sourire vertical
1973
No No No Yes
Unnamed role
The Vertical Smile
Tout le monde il en a deux
1974
Yes Yes Yes No N/A
Fly Me the French Way
Les démoniaques
1974
Yes Yes No No N/A
The Demoniacs
Phantasmes
1975
Yes Yes No Yes
Unnamed role
Once Upon a Virgin
Lèvres de sang
1975
Yes Yes No Yes
Unnamed role
Lips of Blood
Douces pénétrations
1976
Yes Yes No Yes
Le chef cuisinier
Sweet Penetrations
Suce moi vampire
1976
Yes No No Yes
Unnamed role
Suck Me Vampire
La comtesse Ixe
1976
Yes No No No N/A
The Ninth Countess
Amours collectives
1976
No Yes No Yes
Mike Gentle the Vampire
Collective Love
Hard Penetration
1977
Yes Yes No No N/A
Hard Penetration
Vibrations sexuelles
1977
Yes No No No N/A
Sex Vibrations
Saute-moi dessus
1977
Yes Yes No Yes
Invité fin
Jump Over Me
Positions danoises
1977
Yes Yes Yes No N/A
Danish Positions
Les raisins de la mort
1978
Yes Yes No Yes
Unnamed role
The Grapes of Death
Disco Sex
1978
Yes Yes No Yes
Sound Engineer
Disco Sex
Remplissez-moi... les 3 trous
1978
Yes No No Yes
Unnamed role
Fill Me... Round 3'
Petites pensionnaires impudiques
1978
Yes No No No N/A
Small Immodest Residents
Lèvres entrouvertes
1978
Yes No No No N/A
Parted Lips
Lèvres gloutonnes
1978
No No No Yes
Unnamed role
Greedy Lips
Hyperpénétrations
1978
Yes No No Yes
Unnamed role
Hyperpenetrations
Gamines en chaleur
1979
Yes No No No N/A
Little Girls on Heat
Fascination
1979
Yes Yes No No N/A
Fascination
Bouches lascives et pornos
1979
Yes No No No N/A
Pénétrations vicieuses
1979
Yes No No No N/A
Vicious Penetrations
Jeux d'adultes pour gamines expertes
1979
No No Yes No N/A
Adult Games for Little Girl Experts
Entrez vite... vite, je mouille!
1979
No No Yes Yes
Unnamed role
Come in Quick... Quick, I'm Wet!
La nuit des traquées
1980
Yes Yes No No N/A
Night of the Hunted
Mondo Cannibale
1980
No Yes No No N/A
White Cannibal Queen
Clinique pour soins très spéciaux
1980
No No Yes No N/A
Clinic of Very Special Care
Minouche, fillette insatiable
1980
No No Yes No N/A
Le lac des morts vivants
1981
Yes No No Yes
Stiltz
Zombie Lake
Les paumées du petit matin
1981
Yes Yes No No N/A
The Escapees
La Morte Vivante
1982
Yes No Yes Yes
Salesman
The Living Dead Girl
Rêves de sexes
1982
Yes No No No N/A
Dreams from Equality
Sodomanie
1983
Yes Yes No No N/A
Folies anales
1983
Yes No No No N/A
Les trottoirs de Bangkok
1984
Yes No No Yes
Un tuere
The Sidewalks of Bangkok
Ne prends pas les poulets pour des pigeons
1984
Yes No No No N/A
Emmanuelle 6
1988
Yes No No No N/A
Emmanuelle 6
Perdues dans New York
1989
Yes Yes No No N/A
Lost in New York
La griffe d'Horus
1990
Yes Yes No No N/A
The Claw of Horus
À la poursuite de Barbara
1991
Yes No No Yes
Unnamed role
In the Pursuit of Barbara
Trepanator
1992
No No No Yes
Dr. Roll
Alien Platoon
1992
No No No Yes
Maj. Taylor
Killing Car
1993
Yes No No Yes
Bandaged Man in Car
Killing Car
Dinosaur from the Deep
1993
No No No Yes
Professeur Nolan
Dinosaur from the Deep
Le parfum de Mathilde
1994
Yes Yes No No
The Perfume of Mathilde
Les deux orphelines vampires
1997
Yes Yes No No N/A
The Two Orphan Vampires
La fiancée de Dracula
2002
Yes Yes No No N/A
The Fiancee of Dracula
La nuit des horloges
2007
Yes Yes No No N/A
The Night of Clocks
Le masque de la Méduse
2009
Yes Yes No Yes
L'homme qui enterre la tête
The Mask of the Medusa
La femme-bourreau
2010
No No No Yes
Un flic

Additional credits

  • La guerre du silence ... editor (short documentary; 1957)
  • Les mécaniciens de l'Armée de l'Air ... editor (short documentary; 1958)
  • Les amours jaunes ... director (short film; 1958)
  • Ciel de cuivre ... director (short film; 1961)
  • Un cheval pour deux ... assistant director (1962)
  • L'itinéraire marin ... writer (1963)
  • Vivre en Espagne ... director (short documentary; 1964)
  • Les pays loin ... director, writer (short film; 1965)
  • Tristesse des anthropophages ... actor, producer (short film; 1966)
  • Faire quelque chose ... producer (short film; 1967)
  • La nuit des étoiles filantes (A Virgin Among the Living Dead) ... director of dream sequence (added 1981)
  • Tout le monde il en a deux ... production manager (credited as Jean Pierre Sammut; 1974)
  • Apothéose porno ... supervisor (uncredited; 1976)
  • Sanguine ... actor (short film; 1985)
  • Et le temps s'en va... ... executive producer (short film; 1991)
  • Marquis de Slime ... actor (short film; 1997)
  • Life Like ... actor (short film; 2007)

Recurring collaborators

Actor Le viol du vampire
(1968)
La vampire nue
(1969)
Le frisson des vampires
(1970)
Requiem pour un vampire
(1971)
La rose de fer
(1973)
Les démoniaques
(1974)
Lèvres de sang
(1975)
Les raisins de la mort
(1978)
Fascination
(1979)
La nuit des traquées
(1980)
Les paumées du petit matin
(1981)
La morte viviante
(1982)
Les trottoirs de Bangkok
(1984)
Perdues dans New York
(1989)
Killing Car
(1993)
Les deux orphelines vampires
(1997)
La fiancée de Dracula
(2002)
La nuit des horloges
(2007)
Le masque de la Méduse
(2009)
Jean Aron N N
Anissa Berkani-Rohmer N N
Paul Bisciglia N N N N N
Françoise Blanchard N N N
Jean-Pierre Bouyxou N N N N N (voice) N
Willy Braque N N
Catherine Castel N N N
Marie-Pierre Castel N N N N
Bernard Charnacé N N
Jean Cherlian N N
Mireille Dargent N N N N
Michel Delahaye N N
Michel Delesalle N N
Louise Dhour N N N
Dominique N N N
Michel Frank N N
Cyrille Gaudin N N
Frederique Haymann N N
Jean Hérel N N
Brigitte Lahaie N N N N N N
Marie-Laurence N N N
Maurice Lemaître N N
Sabine Lenoël N N N
Fanny Magier N N
Jacques Marbeuf N N
Raphaël Marongiu N N
Bernard Musson N N
Bernard Papineau N N
Nathalie Perrey N N N N N N N N N
Jean-Loup Philippe N N N N
Ursule Pauly N N
Jacques Robiolles N N
Olivier Rollin N N N N
Thomas Smith N N
Evelyne Thomas N N
Sandrine Thoquet N N
Dominique Treillou N N
Cyril Val N N

Works

  • Rollin, Jean. La petite Ogresse. ISBN 978-2-914227-24-7
  • Rollin, Jean. Bestialité. ISBN 978-2-35072-015-9
  • Déraison, by Jean Rollin. Éd. Films ABC. ISBN 978-2-915160-04-8
  • Rien n'estvrai, by Jean Rollin. Éd. Films ABC. ISBN 978-2-915160-02-4
  • Les voleuses de foudre, by Jean Rollin. Éd. Films ABC. ISBN 978-2-915160-00-0
  • Alice et Aladin détectives de I'impossible, by Jean Rollin. Éd. Films ABC. ISBN 978-2-915160-03-1
  • Jean-Pierre Bouyxou contre la femme au masque rouge, by Jean Rollin. ISBN 978-2-84608-121-4
  • Le temps d'un visage (1990), Jean Rollin. Éd. Saint-Germain de Prés. ISBN 978-2-243-03253-6
  • Les deux orphelines vampires / Two Orphan Vampires Series, by Jean Rollin.
    • Les deux orphelines vampires ISBN 978-2-914227-38-4
    • Anissa
    • Les Voyageuses
    • Les Pillardes
    • Les Incendiares
  • Ombres vives (1996), by Jean Rollin. Éd. Saint-Germain-des-Prés. ISBN 978-2-243-03542-1
  • La statue de chair (1998), by Jean Rollin. Belles lettres. ISBN 978-2-251-82007-1
  • Enfer privé (1998), by Jean Rollin. Belles lettres. ISBN 978-2-251-82004-0
  • Monseigneur Rat roman (1998), by Jean Rollin. Belle lettres. ISBN 978-2-251-49126-4
  • La cabriole a disparu (1998), by Jean Rollin. Illustrated by Michel Solliec. Liv'éditions. ISBN 978-2-910781-66-8
  • Cauchemar d'anniversaire (1998), by Jean Rollin. R. de Surtis. ISBN 978-2-912271-25-9
  • Les dialogues sans fin précédés de quelques souvenirs sur George Bataille, Maurice Blanchot et Michel Fardoulis-Lagrange (1998), by Jean Rollin. Éd. Mirandole. ISBN 978-2-912965-10-3
  • La promeneuse romans (1999), by Jean Rollin. Belles lettres. ISBN 978-2-251-49137-0
  • Vies et aventures de Jean-Pierre Bouyxou (2001), by Jean Rollin. Éd. Films ABC. ISBN 978-2-84672-009-0
  • Tuatha (2001), by Jean Rollin. Belles lettres. ISBN 978-2-251-49154-7
  • Gargouillis glauques (2001), by Jean Rollin. R. de surtis. ISBN 978-2-912271-98-3
  • La petite fille au cerceau (2001), by Jean Rollin. Éd. Films ABC. ISBN 978-2-84672-010-6
  • Estelle et Edwige, les demoiselles de l'étrange (2003), by Jean Rollin. ISBN 978-2-84608-108-5
  • MoteurCoupez!: mémoires d'un cinéaste singulier (2008), by Jean Rollin. ISBN 978-2-84608-253-2
  • Bille de clown (2009), by Jean Rollin. ISBN 978-2-84608-254-9
  • Jean Rollin: Écrits complets Volume 1 (2010), by Jean Rollin. ISBN 978-2-84608-277-8
  • Jean Rollin: Écrits complets Volume 2 (2011), by Jean Rollin. E/dite. ISBN 978-2-84608-281-5

Further reading

  • Virgins & Vampires: Jean Rollin, Contains essays by Jean Rollin, edited by Peter Blumenstock; Includes CD soundtrack from Les Deux orphelines vampires – Limited edition of 300 copies, autographed by Jean Rollin (Crippled Publishing, 1997, ISBN 3-9805820-0-0)
  • Video Watchdog, Edition 31; Peter Blumenstock interviews Rollin (1995)
  • Immoral Tales: European Sex & Horror Movies 1956-1984 (1994) by Cathal Tohill and Pete Tombs – Dedicates a chapter to Rollin
  • Jean Rollin: cinéaste écrivain (2002) by Pascal Françaix (ABC Films Editions, ISBN 978-2-915160-05-5)

References

  1. ^ "Jean Rollin Biography, Film & Books". Myspace. Retrieved 22 August 2010. 
  2. ^ "Jean Rollin Full Biography". nytimes.com. Retrieved 29 December 2010. 
  3. ^ Lawrence P. Raffel"The Rape of the Vampire (1968)". monstersatplay.com. Retrieved 29 December 2010. 
  4. ^ Simon Strong (March 2004) "Sous la páve, le pláge!: Lesbian Vampires Vs Situationist International". sensesofcinema.com. Retrieved 29 December 2010. 
  5. ^ http://pidde-andersson.xomba.com/lost-interview-jean-rollin
  6. ^ RIP Jean Rollin Fangoria, 16 December 2010

External links

  • Jean Rollin at the Internet Movie Database
  • The Official Jean Rollin website
  • J. Newman "The Cinema of Jean Rollin" Images 9, 2000
  • Blood poetry – The cinema of Jean Rollin Kinoeye, 15 April 2002
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