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Cryptomonas

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Cryptomonas

Cryptomonas
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Chromalveolata
Phylum: Cryptophyta
Order: Cryptomonadales
Family: Cryptomonadaceae
Genus: Cryptomonas
Ehrenberg (1832)

Cryptomonas is the name-giving genus of the [2] Cryptomonas can be found in several marine ecosystems in Australia.

Cryptomonas is a dimorphic genus, meaning it could be either [2] Currently there are 26 species of Cryptomonas.[3]

Contents

  • Genome Structure 1
  • Cell Structure, Metabolism, and Life Cycle 2
  • Ecology 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Genome Structure

This genus was originally separated into three different genera (Cryptomonas, Campylomonas, and Chilomonas), but after further investigation Campylomonas and Chilomonas were reclassified as a dimorphism under Cryptomonas. Species within Cryptomonas contain four genomes: the nucleus, the nucleomorph, the plastid, and mitochondrial genomes. The plastid genome contains 118 kilobase pairs and is a result of a phage from red alga, which is why Cryptomonas often has a red coloring.[1]

Cell Structure, Metabolism, and Life Cycle

Cryptomonas cells are fairly larger than others; they average about 40 um in size and often take the shape of an oval or ovoid. They have two mitosis that only takes about ten minutes.[1]

Ecology

Cryptomonas function like

  • Tree of Life: Cryptomonas

External links

  1. ^ a b c d e https://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/Cryptomonas
  2. ^ a b http://tolweb.org/Cryptomonas/97214
  3. ^ http://bie.ala.org.au/species/urn:lsid:catalogueoflife.org:taxon:d7938030-29c1-102b-9a4a-00304854f820:col20120124#tab_classification
  4. ^ http://eol.org/pages/12208/details
  5. ^ Hoef-Emden K,  
  6. ^ Hoef-Emden K (2005) Multiple independent losses of photosynthesis and differing evolutionary rates in the genus Cryptomonas (Cryptophyceae): Combined phylogenetic analyses of DNA sequences of the nuclear and the nucleomorph ribosomal operons. Journal of Molecular Evolution 60: 183-195. Abstract

References

Some sources recommend merging Campylomonas and Chilomonas into Cryptomonas.[5][6]

[1] Cryptomonas seem to grow and survive with little competition.[4] Typically they are found at depths of 0 to 102 meters and in a temperature range of -1.4 to 1.5 degrees Celsius.[1]

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