World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of Taliban leaders

Article Id: WHEBN0000205914
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of Taliban leaders  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Akhtar Mansour, Mohammed Omar, Arif Khan, Government of Afghanistan, Task Force 373
Collection: Government of Afghanistan, Taliban Leaders
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

List of Taliban leaders

Contents

  • Taliban Leaders 1
  • Governors 2
  • Other high-ranking officials, ambassadors and envoys abroad 3
  • Field commanders 4
  • Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan Leaders 5
  • References 6

Taliban Leaders

Name Position Situation
Mullah Mohammed Omar Commander of the Faithful
  • Founder and Spiritual leader of the Taliban
  • Died in April 2013 in Afghanistan. He was confirmed dead in July 2015 by the Afghan government and then Taliban officials.[1]
Mullah Akhtar Mohammad Mansour Commander of the Faithful
  • In the end of July 2015 he has been elected as new leader of the Taliban after Mullah Omar's death.
Name Position Situation
Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar Governor of Herat and Nimruz Province
  • One of the original founders of the Taliban along with Mullah Omar
  • Said to be the Deputy leader of the Taliban[2]
Mullah Obaidullah Akhund Minister of Defense
  • Senior Taliban leader
  • Captured by Pakistani forces, late Feb. 2007[3] Died of heart disease in a Pakistan prison in 2010[4][5]
Wakil Ahmed Muttawakil Foreign Minister
Abdul Rahman Zahed Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Allegedly created an impression that he entered Pakistan after the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan, but had returned before the end of 2001 to his home village in Loghar province;[7]
  • at large

Reported to be a leader in the Taliban's Quetta Shura.[1] Reported captured in late February 2010.[1]

Mullah Mohammed Hassan Akhund First Deputy Council of Ministers
  • At large; spoke to Reuters by satellite telephone from an undisclosed location on May 4, 2003
  • Reported to be a leader in the Taliban's Quetta Shura.[8]
  • Reported captured in late February 2010.[8]
Mohammad Nabi Omari Minister of Communications
  • Was the Taliban's chief of communications
  • Listed as a member of the Taliban leadership.[9]
Mullah Abdul Razaq Commerce Minister
  • Afghan forces captured Razaq while scouring a rugged mountainous region north of Kandahar, April 1, 2003.[10] Razaq's son, Abdul, had been killed on September 5, 2002 as he tried to shoot President Hamid Karzai. Abdul Razaq testified he had merely started out as a civilian, conscripted into Afghanistan's civil service by the Pakistan who was promoted to Commerce Minister, without ever becoming a member of the Taliban.[11] He testified he had taken advantage of an amnesty Karzai offered when the Taliban fell, and had not been involved in politics since the fall of the Taliban.
Mullah Khaksar Akhund Deputy Minister of Interior Affairs
  • Staged a public press conference in Kabul, late November, 2001 and denounced the Taliban; by August 2002, he supports the U.S.-backed Afghan government of Hamid Karzai;[12] at large
Qari Ahmadullah Minister of Security (Intelligence)
  • Killed in late December 2001 by a United States bombing raid in the Paktia province[13]
Abdul Haq Wasiq Deputy Minister of Intelligence
  • Served as Deputy Minister of Intelligence in the Taliban Intelligence Service.[14]
  • Served as acting Minister of Intelligence when Qari Ahmadullah was away from Kabul performing his duties as governor of Tahar province.[14]
  • Arrived at the Guantanamo detention camps on January 11, 2002, and he was held there until 31 May 2014.[15]
Mullah Nooruddin Turabi Minister of Justice
  • Allegedly sheltered in Quetta by Pakistani officials by the end of 2001;[7] captured by United States forces and then set free and given general amnesty in early January 2002[16][17]
Amir Khan Muttaqi Minister of Culture & Information
  • Allegedly moved to Peshawar, Pakistan before the end of 2001 and still "hiding out in the Pakistani frontier" March 19, 2002;[7][18]
  • still at large
Mullah Ghausuddin
Mullah Abbas Akhund * In February 2002, he was "hiding with his military force about 5 miles from Uruzgan village";[20]
  • at large
Mawlawi Abdul Raqib First Deputy Council of Ministers
  • Unknown (is he the same Abdul Raqib as the official from the agriculture department in 2003?[21])

Governors

Governors
Name Position Situation
'Mawlawi Abdul Kabir Governor of Nangrahar Province
  • Head of Eastern Zone; (also see above)
  • Allegedly moved to Peshawar, Pakistan before the end of 2001[22]
  • Reported to be a leader of the Taliban's Quetta Shura.[8]
  • Reported captured February 20, 2010, in Nowshehra. Later released.[8][23]
Mullah Khairullah Khairkhwa Governor of Herat Province and Minister of the Interior
'Mawlawi Norullah Noori Governor of Balkh Province
Na'im Kucki Governor of Bamian Province
  • At large
  • A tribal leader of the Kuchi people.[34]
  • Former Minister of Tribal Affairs.[35]
  • Held in Guantanamo for several years.[35]
'Mawlawi Ahmad Jan Governor of Zabul Province
Mullah Hassan Rehmani governor of Kandahar province
Mullah Mir Muhammad shadow governor of Baghlan province in 2010
Mullah Abdul Salam shadow governor of Kunduz province in 2010
Mullah Abdul Salaam Alizai * Defected to the government in December 2007.[39]

Other high-ranking officials, ambassadors and envoys abroad

Name Position Situation
Abdul Salam Zaeef Ambassador to Pakistan
  • He was the Afghan ambassador to Pakistan before the US invasion of Afghanistan.[40]
  • Detained in Pakistan in the fall of 2001 and held in Guantanamo Bay until 2005
Noor Mohammad Saqib Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
  • Allegedly moved to Peshawar, Pakistan before the end of 2001;[22] arrested January 30, 2002 near Quetta by Pakistani authorities;[41] whereabouts now unknown
Sayed Rahmatullah Hashemi Envoy to United States
Abdul Hakim Mujahid Envoy to the United Nations
  • Arrived in Pakistan in early December 2001[42]
Hammdidullah, aka Janat Gul Head of Ariana Afghan Airlines
  • Surrendered November 24, 2001 east of Konduz[43]

. Status later established by a Combatant Status Review Tribunal as "no longer enemy combatant" and released.[44]

Field commanders

Name Position Situation
Mullah Mohammad Fazl Chief of Staff
  • He was the former Taliban Deputy Defense Minister[45]
  • Held at Guantanamo Bay from 11 January 2002 until 31 May 2014.[15]
Mullah Dadullah senior military commander
  • Escaped from the siege of Kunduz in November 2001 and reached Kandahar. Took part in the evacuation of Kandahar, then may have returned to his native town Kajai in Helmand province.[22] Allegedly participated (by giving orders via cell phone) in the murder of Ricardo Munguia on March 27, 2003.
  • He was nicknamed by the anti-Taliban resistance before the Taliban government fell as the Lame Englishman because he a) lost a leg in the jihad and because b) he's as cunning as the devilish English.
  • One of the most effective commanders in the resistance, he has been linked to massacres of Shi'a, the scorched earth policy of Shi'a villages in 2001 (which he boasted about once on the radio), the summary execution of men suspected of throwing hand grenades into his compound in 2001 (they were hanged at one of the main roundabouts), and suicide bombings.
  • Killed on May 13, 2007.
Jalaluddin Haqqani Described as Taliban's current military leader
  • First mujahideen commander to capture a city, Khost, from the Soviets, in 1991.[46]
  • Didn't ally with the Taliban until after their capture of Kabul in 1995.
  • Hamid Karzai asked him to serve as Prime Minister, in an attempt to split off the Taliban's moderate wing.
Abdul Razaq Nafez field commander
Mullah Shahzada provincial commander
  • Interviewed by the New York Times in Pakistan, in 2003.[47]
  • Later reports, apparently based on the NYT article, additionally claimed he was captured in 2001, sent to Guantánamo, released 2003, killed in US raid on Taliban in late May 2004. But the only Shahzada held in Guantanamo wasn't captured until 2003, and wasn't released until 2005. There is no evidence that the Guantanmo detainee named Shahzada was ever a member of the Taliban, or that he had enrolled in the Taliban following his release.
Mullah Muhammad Hasan Rehmani militia commander
  • At large
  • In early 2010 an individual named "Mullah Hassan Rehmani" was reported to have been a recently captured leader of the Taliban's Quetta Shura.[8] He was alleged to have been a former governor of Kandahar. A second recently captured Taliban leader was named "Mullah Muhammad Hassan". He was alleged to have been a former Taliban foreign minister.
Gul Mohammed Jangvi field commander
  • On July 19, 2006 explained the Taliban's unexpected withdrawal from Helmand.[48]
Mullah Akhtar Mohammad Osmani field commander Killed in U.S. airstrike in December 2006. Confirmed dead by Taliban officials.[49]
Mullah Abdul Zahir group commander Killed in the U.S. airstrike that killed Osmani in December 2006[50]
Sheikh Ilyas Khel Commander Captured in Pakistan as of August 2, 2007

Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan Leaders

Name Position Situation
Maulana Fazlullah Commander

References

  1. ^ "Taliban conflict: Afghanistan probes Mullah Omar 'death' claim". BBC News. 29 July 2015. 
  2. ^ "Pakistan frees Taliban leader Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar in bid to ease tensions". 21 September 2013. Retrieved November 2014. 
  3. ^ 'Taleban leader held' in Pakistan, BBC News, March 2, 2007
  4. ^ "Taliban announces death of ex-defense minister in 2010". Fox News. 2012-02-13. 
  5. ^ "Taliban announce death of ex-defense minister". Yahoo News. 13 February 2012. 
  6. ^ "Profile: Wakil Ahmad Mutawakil".  
  7. ^ a b c Former minister says fugitive Taliban leaders living life of luxury in Pakistan, The Guardian, December 24, 2001
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Amir Mir (2010-03-01). "Pakistan wipes out half of Quetta Shura".  
  9. ^  
  10. ^ "Fresh fighting in Afghanistan".  
  11. ^  
  12. ^ Paras on alert for storming of Kandahar, The Telegraph, November 25, 2001
  13. ^ Taleban spy chief 'killed in raid', BBC, January 3, 2002
  14. ^ a b  
  15. ^ a b "Terror suspects freed by Obama admin. for soldier were labeled 'high risk' in 2008: report - Washington Times". The Washingtion Times. 
  16. ^ US begins transferring terror prisoners to Cuban base: Gunfire errupts [sic] as plane with al-Qaida members takes off, Boston Globe, January 10, 2002
  17. ^ High-Ranking Taliban Leaders Surrender, Are Set Free, Fox News, January 9, 2002
  18. ^ Taliban Vow Revenge, CBS News, March 19, 2002
  19. ^ Taliban commander killed in Afghanistan, Daily Times, May 28, 2003
  20. ^ How the U.S. Killed the Wrong Afghans, Time (magazine), February 6, 2002
  21. ^ "Institute for War and Peace Reporting". Institute for War and Peace Reporting. 
  22. ^ a b c d Carroll, Rory (2001-12-24). "Former minister says fugitive Taliban leaders living life of luxury in Pakistan". The Guardian (London). 
  23. ^ Filkins, Dexter (2010-03-24). "After Arrests, Taliban Promote a Fighter". The New York Times. 
  24. ^ Jeffrey Dressler; Isaac Hock (6 April 2012). "Releasng Taliban detainees: A misguided path to peace" (PDF). Understanding War. Retrieved 29 September 2012. 
  25. ^ "Taliban blames foes of killing mine-clearers".  
  26. ^ "Red Cross: Families ID detainees in list".  
  27. ^ "Who Are The 5 Guantanamo Detainees In Prisoner Swap? - Nation & World News". wuft.org. 
  28. ^ "US Likely to Release Top Taliban Leaders from Gitmo".   mirror
  29. ^ http://www.hrw.org/press/2001/12/commanders1203.htm
  30. ^ "List of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba from January 2002 through May 15, 2006" (PDF).  
  31. ^ "Measurements of Heights and Weights of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (ordered and consolidated version)" (PDF).  
  32. ^  
  33. ^ Mazari Sharif is not a Province.
  34. ^ Archie McLean (2009-03-06). "Afghan nomads now tied to a desperate land".   mirror
  35. ^ a b   mirror
  36. ^ "Security council committee on Afghanistan designates further individuals, financial entities relating to resolution 1267 (1999) and 1333 (2000)".  
  37. ^ "Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1267 (1999) concerning Al-Qaida and the Taliban and Associated Individuals and Entities".  
  38. ^ "The Consolidated List established and maintained by the 1267 Committee with respect to Al-Qaida, Usama bin Laden, and the Taliban and other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with them".  
  39. ^ Aziz Ahmad Shafe; Mohammad Ilyas Dayee; Jean MacKenzie (2010-06-03). "Making Musa Qala Work".  
  40. ^
  41. ^ The Daily Telegraph (London) http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2002/01/31/wafg31.xml&sSheet=/news/2002/01/31/ixworld.html. 
  42. ^ "Taleban 'defectors' in Kandahar appeal". BBC News. 2001-12-04. 
  43. ^ Taliban in north surrender in droves, CNN, November 24, 2001
  44. ^ """Guantanamo Bay Detainees Classified as "No Longer Enemy Combatants.  
  45. ^ Lawmakers may seek to block Taliban transfer by Mark Hosenball and Missy Ryan. January 6, 2012.
  46. ^ Through the eyes of the Taliban, Asia Times, May 5, 2004
  47. ^ Revived Taliban making waves in northern Pakistan, New York Times, May 7, 2003
  48. ^ "Asia Times Online :: South Asia news - Taliban pause for fresh breath". atimes.com. 
  49. ^ CBC News http://www.cbc.ca/world/story/2006/12/27/osmani-death.html. 
  50. ^ "Informatoin missing.". Paktribune. 
  51. ^ "Mullah Radio: Pakistan urges Afghan action against Maulvi Fazlullah". The Express Tribune News. 17 October 2011. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  52. ^ Hasan, Syed Shoaib (10 July 2009). "'"Swat Taliban chief 'near death. BBC News. Retrieved 8 November 2013. 
  53. ^ "Pakistani Taliban Fires Spokesman Over ISIS Pledge of Allegiance". October 22, 2014. Retrieved November 2014. 
  54. ^ "Fazlullah has Mulla Omar’s backing". November 8, 2013. Retrieved November 2014. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.