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Neutrosophic Book Series : Neutrosophic Methods in General Relativity : Volume 10

By Smarandache, Florentin

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Book Id: WPLBN0002828476
Format Type: PDF (eBook)
File Size: 447.39 kb
Reproduction Date: 8/2/2013

Title: Neutrosophic Book Series : Neutrosophic Methods in General Relativity : Volume 10  
Author: Smarandache, Florentin
Volume: Volume 10
Language: English
Subject: Non Fiction, Education, Neutrosophic Logic
Collections: Relativity, Quantum Mechanics, Mathematics, Physics, Logic, Mathematical Statistics, Probability Theory, Geometry, Authors Community, Math, Bibliography, Statistics, Finance, Literature, Most Popular Books in China, Economy, Law, Favorites in India, Education
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Publisher: World Public Library
Member Page: Florentin Smarandache


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Smarandache, F., & Rabounski, D. (2013). Neutrosophic Book Series : Neutrosophic Methods in General Relativity : Volume 10. Retrieved from

In this work the authors apply concepts of Neutrosophic Logic to the General Theory of Relativity to obtain a generalisation of Einstein’s four dimensional pseudo-Riemannian differentiable manifold in terms of Smarandache Geometry (Smarandache manifolds), by which new classes of relativistic particles and non-quantum teleportation are developed.

The issue of how closely the new theoretical possibilities account for physical phenomena, and indeed the viability of the concept of a four dimensional space-time continuum itself as a fundamental model of Nature, must of course be explored by experiment.

1.2 The basics of neutrosophy Neutrosophy studies the origin, nature, and scope of neutralities, as well as their interactions with different ideational spectra. It considers that every idea tends to be neutralized, balanced by ideas; as a state of equilibrium. Neutrosophy is the basis of neutrosophic logic, neutrosophic set which generalizes the fuzzy set, and of neutrosphic probability and neutrosophic statistics, which generalize the classical and imprecise probability and statistics respectively. Neutrosophic Logic is a multiple-valued logic in which each proposition is estimated to have percentages of truth, indeterminacy, and falsity in T, I, and F respectively, where T, I, F are standard or non-standard subsets included in the non-standard unit interval ] −0, 1+[. It is an extension of fuzzy, intuitionistic, paraconsistent logics.

Table of Contents
Preface of the Editor 4 Chapter 1 PROBLEM STATEMENT . THE BASICS OF NEUTROSOPHY 1.1 Problem statement 5 1.2 The basics of neutrosophy 8 1.3 Neutrosophic subjects 13 1.4 Neutrosophic logic. The origin of neutrosophy 14 1.5 Definitions of neutrosophic 16 Chapter 2 TRAJECTORIES AND PARTICLES 2.1 Einstein’s basic space-time 18 2.2 Standard set of trajectories and particles. A way to expand the set 22 2.3 Introducing trajectories of mixed isotropic/non-isotropic kind 28 2.4 Particles moving along mixed isotropic/non-isotropic trajectories 31 2.5 S-denying the signature conditions. Classification of the expanded spaces 35 2.6 More on an expanded space-time of kind IV 45 2.7 A space-time of kind IV: a home space for virtual photons 52 2.8 A space-time of kind IV: non-quantum teleportation of photons 55 2.9 Conclusions 59 Chapter 3 ENTANGLED STATES AND QUANTUM CAUSALITY THRESHOLD 3.1 Disentangled and entangled particles in General Relativity. Problem statement 61 3.2 Incorporating entangled states into General Relativity 64 3.3 Quantum Causality Threshold in General Relativity 69 3.4 Conclusions 72 Bibliography 75


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