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A Mathematical Theory of Communication

By Shannon, C. E.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000656422
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 401.06 KB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: A Mathematical Theory of Communication  
Author: Shannon, C. E.
Language: English
Subject: Science., Mathematics, Logic
Publication Date:


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Shannon, C. (n.d.). A Mathematical Theory of Communication. Retrieved from

Mathematics document containing theorems and formulas.

Excerpt: The recent development of various methods of modulation such as PCM and PPM which exchange bandwidth for signal-to-noise ratio has intensified the interest in a general theory of communication. A basis for such a theory is contained in the important papers of Nyquist and Hartley on this subject. In the present paper we will extend the theory to include a number of new factors, in particular the effect of noise in the channel, and the savings possible due to the statistical structure of the original message and due to the nature of the final destination of the information.


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