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Ruling Chiefs of Hawaii

By S. M. Kamakau

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Book Id: WPLBN0002096985
Format Type: Default
File Size: 2 MB
Reproduction Date: 8/3/2011

Title: Ruling Chiefs of Hawaii  
Author: S. M. Kamakau
Language: Hawaiian
Subject: Non Fiction, History of America, Hawaiian History
Collections: Biographies, Innovation Management, Authors Community, Marketing Management, Leadership, Favorites from the National Library of China, Bibliography, Fine Arts, Religion, Sociology, Military Science, Literature, Naval Science, Social Sciences, Most Popular Books in China, History, Language, Political Science
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Publisher: Kamehameha Schools
Member Page: Hale Kuamoʻo Hawaiian Language Center


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Kamakau, S. M. (1961). Ruling Chiefs of Hawaii. Retrieved from

In 1961 the first edition of the English translation of Samuel Kamakau's Ruling Chiefs of Hawaii was published by Kamehameha Schools Press. Many contributed to make its publication possible. A group of Hawaiian scholars was first selected by the trustees of Bishop Museum to translate Kamakau's florid literary style into readable English. The group included Mary Kawena Pukui, Thomas G. Thrum, Lahilahi Webb, Emma Davidson Taylor, and John Wise. Mary Kawena Pukui then reviewed the entire translation, together with Martha Warren Beckwith, who added the footnotes. Dorothy Barrere and Caroline Curtis proofread the manuscript. The resulting book was an immediate success, and soon became a classic of Hawaiian history. Now, thirty years later, the book has long been out of print. Kamehameha Schools is happy to publish a new edition, with significant advantages over the former edition. While the original text has remained unchanged, the new edition combines the very limited original index with the extensive index and appendices prepared by Elspeth P. Sterling and originally published as a separate booklet by Bishop Museum Press. New photographs have been chosen, and more comprehensive captions are provided. It is hoped that these additions and modifications, together with the new introduction by Dr. Lilikala Kameeleihiwa will provide teachers and scholars of Hawaiian history with significant new tools with which to approach Kamakau's text. The editors would like to thank the trustees of Kamehameha Schools/ Bishop Estate for their support of this project and Dr. Lilikala Kameeleihiwa, the Honolulu Academy of Arts, the Hawaiian Historical Society, and the staff of Bishop Museum for their assistance in preparing this new edition.

Many famous chiefs, mentioned in Hawaiian history, were descended from Hana-laa-nui. The ruling chiefs (noho alii) of Hawaii were of that particular lineage (mookuauhau), and with additions from those of the other islands, the genealogy of Hawaii's chiefs and their ancestors was made complete. Umi-a-Liloa [that is, Umi-son-of-Liloa] was a famous chief, and the reason for his fame was that it was he who united all of the districts of Hawaii through wars. The kingdom became his because of his humbleness and because of the prowess of his adopted (hookama) sons and his care of the god Ku-kaili-moku. Umi was of lowly birth (lepo popolo) [on his maternal side], but he rose until the kingdom was his through his victories in battle. Liloa was a ruling chief, a sacred high chief (alii nui kapu). His father, Kiha-nui-lulu-moku, and ancestors were also ruling chiefs. His mother, Wai-o-lea, belonged to an Oahu family of chiefs and so did his grandmother, Neula, and great-grandmother, Laa-kapu. That chiefly family belonged to Ewa. Liloa's wife was named Pinea. She was from Ewa and Koolaupoko [Oahu], and was his mother's younger sister. They had one son, Hakau, who was heir of the kingdom. Liloa stayed with Haua, a chiefess from Maui, and to them was born a daughter named Kapu-kini. Liloa had two children of chiefly descent. Liloa was a tabu chief who was noted for his good deeds. The other chiefs all around Hawaii remained under his rule and placed their sons under Liloa. It was customary in the olden days for some chiefs to serve others, and they became war lords (kuhina kaua), keepers of the treasures of the chiefs (alii puuku), and war leaders (mamaka kaua). Thus did the chiefs and sons of chiefs serve Liloa.

Table of Contents
The Story of Umi. 1 -- The Story of Kiha-a-Pii-lani. 22 -- The Story of Keawe-nui-a-Umi. 34 -- The Story of Lono-i-ka-makahiki. 47 -- Keawe's Reign. 64 -- Hawaii Under Alapai-nui. 66 -- Hawaii Under Ka-lani-opuu. 78 -- Captain Cook's Visit to Hawaii. 92 -- Events of Ka-lani-opuu's Time. 105 -- Kamehameha Wins Half Hawaii. 117 -- Ka-hahana Loses Oahu. 128 -- Kamehameha Wins All Hawaii. 142 -- Last Days of Ka-hekili. 159 -- Kamehameha's Conquest of Maui and Oahu. 168 -- Reminiscences of Kamehameha. 175 -- The Peaceful Transfer of Kauai to Kamehameha. 187 -- Death of Kamehameha. 200 -- Abolition of the Tabus Under Liholiho. 219 -- Hawaii Before Foreign Innovations. 229 -- Rule and Death of Liholiho. 246 -- The Childhood of Kau-i-ke-aouli, Kamehameha III. 259 -- The Career of Boki. 270 -- Kuini Liliha, 1830 to 1831. 297 -- Hawaii Under Ka-ahu-manu. 306 -- Roman Catholicism in Hawaii. 324 -- Premiership of Kinau. 334 -- Troubles Under the Premiership of. -- Miriam Ke-ka-ulu-ohi, 1839–1843. 350 -- A Constitutional Monarchy, 1839–1845. 366 -- Passing of the Chiefs. 379 -- Legislative Problems, 1845–1852. 396 -- Death of Kamehameha III. 416 -- Appendix I. Battles. 433 -- Appendix II. Dates Cited in Text. 435 -- Appendix III. Heiau. 439 -- Appendix IV. Mele and Chants. 441 -- Appendix V. Sayings. 443 -- Appendix VI. Genealogies. 445 -- Appendix VII. Newspaper References. 451 -- Bibliography. 453 -- Index. 455 -- Errata. 514 --


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