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Vivaro-Alpine dialect

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Title: Vivaro-Alpine dialect  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Occitan language, Occitan phonology, List of endangered languages in Europe, Limousin dialect, Franco-Provençal language
Collection: Occitan Language
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Vivaro-Alpine dialect

Vivaroalpenc, Vivaroaupenc
Native to France, Italy
Region Southern France, Occitan Valleys
Native speakers
(this article does not contain any information regarding the number of speakers)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog gard1245  (Gardiol)[1]
Linguasphere 51-AAA-gf & 51-AAA-gg
A map of the Vivaro-Alpine dialect in the Occitan language area.

Vivaro-Alpine (English name) or Vivaroalpenc, Vivaroaupenc (native name) is a Romance language variety spoken in southeastern France (namely, around the Dauphiné area) and northwestern Italy (the Occitan Valleys of Piedmont and Liguria). It in turn belongs to a broader category known as the Occitan language along with other forms of speech in the south of France such as Provençal and Gascon.[2][3] There is also a small Vivaro-Alpine enclave in the Guardia Piemontese, Calabria, where the language is known as gardiol. It belongs to the Northern Occitan dialect block, along with Auvergnat and Limousin.


  • Naming and classification 1
  • Subdialects 2
  • References 3
  • See also 4

Naming and classification

Vivaro-Alpine had been considered as a sub-dialect of Provençal, and named provençal alpin (Alpine Provençal) or Northern Provençal.[4]

Its use in the Dauphiné area has also lead to the use of dauphinois or dauphinois alpin to name it.[5] Along with Ronjat[5] and Bec,[6] it is now clearly recognized as a dialect of its own.

The UNESCO Atlas of World's languages in danger[7] uses the Alpine Provençal name, and considers it as seriously endangered.



  1. ^
  2. ^ (French) Jean-Marie Klinkenberg, Des langues romanes. Introduction aux études de linguistique romane, De Boeck, 2e édition, 1999,
  3. ^ La langue se divise en trois grandes aires dialectales : le nord-occitan (limousin, auvergnat, vivaro-alpin), l'occitan moyen, qui est le plus proche de la langue médiévale (languedocien et provençal au sens restreint), et le gascon (à l'ouest de la Garonne). in (French) Encyclopédie Larousse
  4. ^ (French) Jean-Claude Bouvier, "L'occitan en Provence : limites, dialectes et variété" in Revue de linguistique romane 43, pp 46-62
  5. ^ a b (French) Jules Ronjat, Grammaire istorique des parlers provençaux modernes, vol. IV Les dialectes, Montpellier, 1941
  6. ^ (French) Pierre Bec, La langue occitane, Paris, 1995
  7. ^ UNESCO Interactive Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger

See also

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