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Tirkennedy

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Tirkennedy

Tirkennedy
Tír Cheannada[1] (Irish)
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country Northern Ireland
County Fermanagh

Tirkennedy () is a barony in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland.[2] To its west lies Lower Lough Erne and south Upper Lough Erne, and it is bordered by seven other baronies: Clanawley and Magheraboy to the west; Lurg and Omagh East to the north; Clogher to the east; Magherastephana and Knockninny to the south.[2]

History

Despite its name, Tirkennedy has nothing to do with the modern personal name of Kennedy, which derives from Cennétig (ugly/rough headed). Rather it takes its name from the epithet of Fergus son of Cremthann, the eponymous ancestor of the Ui Chremthainn, the predominant tribe of the western Airgialla.[1][3] Fergus lived in the late fifth century and was known as Cennfhota (long-head). His descendants became known as the Ui Chennfhota, with the kingdom of Tir Cennfhota receiving its first mention in the Annals in 1349.[4][3]

The Devine (Irish: Ó Daimhín) sept were cited as Lords of Tirkennedy,[3][5] and were a leading Fermanagh sept up to and including the fifteenth century, when their power was broken by the O'Neills to the north and the Maguires to the south.[5] Under the Maguires, the MacManus sept became hereditary supervisors of the fisheries in Tirkennedy.[6]

The early Anglicisation of "Tircannada" recorded in the 1609 escheated counties map is claimed as being more accurate than the present form of "Tirkennedy".[1]

List of main settlements

List of civil parishes

Below is a list of civil parishes in Tirkennedy:[7]

  • Cleenish (split with baronies of Magheraboy and Clanawley)
  • Derrybrusk (split with barony of Magherastephana)
  • Derryvullen (split with barony of Lurg)
  • Enniskillen
  • Magheracross (split with barony of Omagh East)
  • Trory (split with barony of Lurg)

References

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