World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Patagonian Welsh


Patagonian Welsh

Patagonian Welsh
Cymraeg y Wladfa
Native to Argentina
Region Chubut
Native speakers
L1: 5,000 (2001–08)[1]
to 13,000 (2004)[2]
L2: 25,000 (1998)[3]
Latin (Welsh alphabet)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog pata1258[4]

Patagonian Welsh is the dialect of Welsh which is spoken in the region of the Argentine Patagonia in South America.[5] The language is spoken principally in Y Wladfa with sporadic speakers throughout Argentina by Welsh Argentines.

The Welsh people first arrived in Patagonia in 1865. The reason for their migration was to protect their native Welsh culture and language, which they believed was threatened in their native Wales. Over the years the use of the language started to decrease and there was relatively little contact between Wales and the Chubut Valley. The situation began to change when many Welsh people visited the region in 1965 to celebrate the colony's centenary; since then the number of Welsh visitors has increased. Teachers are sent to teach the language and to train local tutors in the Welsh language and there is some sort of prestige of knowing the language, even among those who are not of Welsh descent. The Welsh education and projects are mainly funded by the Welsh Government, British Council, Cardiff University and the Welsh-Argentine Association. In 2005 there were 62 Welsh classes in the area and Welsh was taught as a subject in two primary schools and two colleges in the region of Gaiman. There is also a Welsh-language school called Ysgol yr Hendre situated in Trelew and a college located in Esquel.

In 2004, the Welsh speakers in Argentina asked permission from the Welsh government to access Welsh TV programmes to encourage the learning of the language and for the language to grow.[6] Patagonian Welsh has developed to be a distinct dialect of Welsh, different from the several dialects used in Wales itself. Throughout the Chubut Valley toponyms are of Welsh origin.

It is estimated that around 5,000 - 12,000 people speak it as their first language, with a further 25,000 speaking it as their second language.

Trilingual sign in Patagonia
Ysgol yr Hendre, Patagonia's Welsh-language school.


  1. ^ "Wales and Argentina". website.  
  2. ^ Western Mail, 27 Dec 2004
  3. ^ "Languages of Argentina" -
  4. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Patagonian Welsh".  
  5. ^ "Viewpoint: The Argentines who speak Welsh". BBC News. 16 October 2014. Retrieved 16 October 2014. 
  6. ^

External links

  • Project-Hiraeth – Documents the stories of the Welsh colony in Patagonia, Argentina through film, text and illustration.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.