World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0022749905
Reproduction Date:

Title: Knockmore  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: NI Railways, Eddie Duffy, Boho, County Fermanagh, List of Marilyns in Ireland, Carn, County Fermanagh
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


This article is about the upland region in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. For other uses, see Knockmore (disambiguation).

Knockmore () is an upland area and townland situated in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. It is situated outside the village of Derrygonnelly, in the historical barony of Magheraboy. This area, together with most of the adjacent Boho parish is described as the Knockmore Scarplands.[1] The focal point of the area is Knockmore summit at 277 metres (909 ft).

The area is considered to be important in environmental terms because it contains several areas of special scientific interest (ASSI), namely the West Fermanagh Scarplands ASSI and West Fermanagh Scarplands Special Area of Conservation (SAC).[1] It also contains a number of sites of archaeological significance, which have been investigated since the late 19th century.[2]


The Knockmore area is known for its dramatic cliffs and rugged terrain. The native rock has the honour of being named Knockmore Limestone;[1] a number of caves and cave systems have developed within this band of rock.[3]

Flora and fauna

The flora and fauna in this area are largely as a result of the underlying limestone and sandstone geology, consisting of upland heath mixed with calcareous grassland.[1] The area is especially noted for the appearance of Irish eyebright (Euphrasia salisburgensis), which is considered a priority species in Northern Ireland.[4]


There is a mention in old tales of a castle belonging to the Flannagan Clan which was located on Knockmore.[5]

Cave archaeology

The summit of Knockmore contains at least 15 small caves which have been the subject of archeological visits since the late 19th century.[2] The most significant of these is Lettered Cave (or Inscribed Cave), situated 50 m from Knockmore summit, which is partially man-made.[7] The cave is named for the art and writing of varying age inscribed on the walls, ranging from early celtic and Christian designs to simple marking of names and dates. It was investigated by William Wakeman (1866–70)[7][8][9] and Thomas Plunkett (1870, 1878 and 1898)[2][10] and is now a scheduled ancient monument.[3]

Among the other caves studied on Knockmore is Gillie's Hole, located part-way up the southern cliff face of the summit.[6] Named for its 18th-century occupants, reportedly a young couple ostracised by their families, the cave was discovered by Wakeman (1870) to contain further inscriptions of ancient celtic origin.[6]

See also



Further reading

Coordinates: 54°24′07″N 7°51′50″W / 54.402°N 7.864°W / 54.402; -7.864

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.