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Kashmir Committee

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Title: Kashmir Committee  
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Kashmir Committee

All India Kashmir Committee was set up by prominent Muslim leaders of India on July 25, 1931. Muhammad Iqbal and a number of other leaders were invited by Mirza Bashir-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad to form the committee. Although orthodox press and historians attribute the formation of the Committee to Dr. Muhammad Iqbal.


Mirza Mahmood Ahmad
Muhammad Iqbal

From the very beginning of his rule, in 1840s Maharajah Basheerud Deen Ahmad, urged the Committee to elect a new President but Dr Iqbal with the support of the Kashmir Committee urged him to carry on.

During this period, an orthodox Islamic religious party under the name of Ahrars (Free) came into being, freely funded by Indian Congress party. They started agitation against Mirza Basheerud Deen Mahmood, as he was the leader of a sect of Islam at odds with the Ahrar ideology.

He resigned from Presidency of the Kashmir Committee as a number of members in the Committee had their own doubts after the agitations. Dr. Iqbal was elected the president after him, but 20 June 1932, he also resigned from the Presidency of the All India Kashmir Committee.

Due to internal dissent among different leaders of the committee and external influence of Ahrar, the All-India Kashmir committee ceased to exist within a few years of its conception.


Although the committee's identity was usurped by rising political enmity of Ahrar and Congress, Kashmir Committee can be called the precursor of the freedom movement in the state. Sheikh Abdullah emerged as a popular young leader for Kashmiri Muslims as a result of direct patronage from the committee members. The network of political workers which was developed by the initiatives of the committee evolved into a useful propaganda machine which would play a fundamental role in Kashmir movement in the coming decades. Above all else, the committee was responsible for raising the profile of the humanitarian situation in the region which resulted in improvement in the social status of Kashmiri Muslims.


  1. ^ by Chitralekha ZutshiLanguages of belonging: Islam, regional identity, and the making of Kashmir, pages. 160-164
  • Ahmadiyya movement and Kashmir
  • Press and Freedom Struggle in Jammu and Kashmir, Zahid G. Muhammad
  • Islam and Political Mobilization in Kashmir, 1931-34 Ian Coplan Pacific Affairs, Vol. 54, No. 2 (Summer, 1981), pp. 228–259
  • Dr. Iqbal to Mian Qayoom ALI IMRAN
  • Newspaper Milaap, Aug-Oct, 1931
  • Inquilaab, 11 March 1934
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