World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kashmir Committee

Article Id: WHEBN0009226390
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kashmir Committee  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kashmir, Economy of Azad Kashmir, Shangus, Jawahar Tunnel, Plebiscite Front
Collection: Kashmir, Wikiproject Indian History Articles
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Kashmir Committee

All India Kashmir Committee was set up by prominent Muslim leaders of India on July 25, 1931. Muhammad Iqbal and a number of other leaders were invited by Mirza Bashir-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad to form the committee. Although orthodox press and historians attribute the formation of the Committee to Dr. Muhammad Iqbal.

Background

Mirza Mahmood Ahmad
Muhammad Iqbal

From the very beginning of his rule, in 1840s Maharajah Basheerud Deen Ahmad, urged the Committee to elect a new President but Dr Iqbal with the support of the Kashmir Committee urged him to carry on.

During this period, an orthodox Islamic religious party under the name of Ahrars (Free) came into being, freely funded by Indian Congress party. They started agitation against Mirza Basheerud Deen Mahmood, as he was the leader of a sect of Islam at odds with the Ahrar ideology.

He resigned from Presidency of the Kashmir Committee as a number of members in the Committee had their own doubts after the agitations. Dr. Iqbal was elected the president after him, but 20 June 1932, he also resigned from the Presidency of the All India Kashmir Committee.

Due to internal dissent among different leaders of the committee and external influence of Ahrar, the All-India Kashmir committee ceased to exist within a few years of its conception.

Legacy

Although the committee's identity was usurped by rising political enmity of Ahrar and Congress, Kashmir Committee can be called the precursor of the freedom movement in the state. Sheikh Abdullah emerged as a popular young leader for Kashmiri Muslims as a result of direct patronage from the committee members. The network of political workers which was developed by the initiatives of the committee evolved into a useful propaganda machine which would play a fundamental role in Kashmir movement in the coming decades. Above all else, the committee was responsible for raising the profile of the humanitarian situation in the region which resulted in improvement in the social status of Kashmiri Muslims.

References

  1. ^ by Chitralekha ZutshiLanguages of belonging: Islam, regional identity, and the making of Kashmir, pages. 160-164
  • Ahmadiyya movement and Kashmir
  • Press and Freedom Struggle in Jammu and Kashmir, Zahid G. Muhammad
  • Islam and Political Mobilization in Kashmir, 1931-34 Ian Coplan Pacific Affairs, Vol. 54, No. 2 (Summer, 1981), pp. 228–259
  • http://kashmirmedia.wordpress.com/2006/11/
  • Dr. Iqbal to Mian Qayoom ALI IMRAN
  • Newspaper Milaap, Aug-Oct, 1931
  • Inquilaab, 11 March 1934
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.