Enciclopedia italiana

Enciclopedia Italiana di scienze, lettere ed arti
(English: Italian Encyclopaedia of Science, Letters, and Arts)
Country Italy
Language Italian
Genre Encyclopedia
Publication date First published serially between 1925 and 1936
Media type Print

The Enciclopedia Italiana di scienze, lettere ed arti (English: Italian Encyclopaedia of Science, Letters, and Arts), is an Italian encyclopedia, generally regarded as the most authoritative of that language. The publication Encyclopaedias: Their History Throughout The Ages regards it as one of the greatest encyclopedias, along with the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition and the Spanish Enciclopedia universal ilustrada europeo-americana.

The encyclopedia is often known as the Enciclopedia Treccani, for its developer Giovanni Treccani.

The first edition was published serially between 1925 and 1936.[1] In all, 35 volumes were published, plus one index volume. The set contained 60,000 articles and 50 million words.[2] Each volume is approximately 1,015 pages, and 26 supplementary volumes were published between 1938 and 2006. The director was Giovanni Gentile and redactor in chief Antonino Pagliaro.

The current edition of the encyclopedia has 54 volumes. Most articles are signed with the initials of the author. An essay credited to Benito Mussolini entitled "The Doctrine of Fascism" was included in the 1932 edition of the encyclopedia, although it was likely ghost-written by Giovanni Gentile.
It is notable that many editors, like Roberto Almagià, Ugo Amaldi, Guido Calogero, Federico Chabod, Gaetano De Sanctis, Luigi Einaudi, Federigo Enriques, Enrico Fermi, Henry Furst, Ugo La Malfa, Giorgio Levi Della Vida, Walter Maturi, Bruno Migliorini, Rodolfo Mondolfo and Nello Rosselli were Jews or opponents of Fascism. In fact, the Fascist regime attached so great an importance to the encyclopedia that, keen to preserve its authority, it allowed authors otherwise blacklisted from official jobs to contribute.

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External links

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