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Eastern Command (India)

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Title: Eastern Command (India)  
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Subject: Indian Army, Havelock Hudson, Arthur Smith (British Army officer), Charles Broad, Douglas Baird (Indian Army officer)
Collection: Commands of the Indian Army
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Eastern Command (India)

Eastern Command
Eastern Command's insignia today
Active 1920 - Present
Branch Indian Army
Type Command
Lt Gen MMS Rai

The Eastern Command of the Indian Army is one of the seven operational commands of the army. It is headquartered in Fort William in the city of Kolkata in the state of West Bengal.[1] Lt Gen MMS Rai is the current commander.[2]


  • History 1
  • Commanders prior to Independence 2
  • Notes 3
  • Further reading 4


The Presidency armies were abolished with effect from 1 April 1895 when the three Presidency armies became the Indian Army.[3] The Indian Army was divided into four Commands (Bengal Command, Bombay Command, Madras Command and Punjab Command) each under a lieutenant general.[3]

In 1908, the four commands were merged into two Armies (Northern Army and Southern Army): this system persisted until 1920 when the arrangement reverted to four commands again (Eastern Command, Northern Command, Southern Command and Western Command).[3]

Prior to 1 May 1963 Lucknow was the headquarters of the Eastern Command; when Central Command was re-established on that date, due to the Chinese aggression of 1962, Lucknow became HQ of Central Command instead.[4]

Commanders prior to Independence

Commanders included:[5]
General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Eastern Army

General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Eastern Command

General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Eastern Army

  • Apr 1940 - Jul 1942 Lieutenant-General Sir Charles Broad
  • Jul 1942 - May 1943 Lieutenant-General Noel Irwin
  • May 1943 - Oct 1943 General Sir George Giffard

General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Eastern Command


  1. ^ "Eastern Command". Indian Army. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  2. ^ "Lt Gen. MMS Rai is the new GOC-in-C Eastern Command". January 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "Northern Army". Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
  4. ^ "Central Command Raising Day concludes". The Times of India. 3 May 2009. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  5. ^ Army Commands

Further reading

  • Richard A. Renaldi and Ravi Rikhe, 'Indian Army Order of Battle,' for Tiger Lily Books: A division of General Data LLC, ISBN 978-0-9820541-7-8, 2011.

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