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Dionisio Loya Plancarte

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Dionisio Loya Plancarte

Dionisio Loya Plancarte
Born (1955-10-21) 21 October 1955
Apatzingán, Michoacán, Mexico
Other names El Tío ('The Uncle')[1]
Employer Knights Templar Cartel
Relatives Enrique Plancarte Solís (Nephew)
Notes
Had a US$2.3 million bounty for his arrest.

Dionisio Loya Plancarte (born 21 October 1955) is a Mexican drug lord and high-ranking leader of the Michoacán. He is the uncle of Enrique Plancarte Solís, another former high-ranking leader of the cartel. Since 2009, he was listed as one of Mexico's 37 most-wanted drug lords, with a $30 million pesos (USD $2.3 million) bounty for information leading to his capture. He was arrested by the Mexican Army in Morelia, Michoacán on 27 January 2014.

Criminal career

Dionisio Loya Plancarte was born on 21 October 1955 in [10][11] By mid-2009, La Familia had managed to establish a foothold in about 20 to 30 urban areas across the United States.[11] While he was at large, the Mexican government listed Loya Plancarte in 2009 as one of country's 37 most-wanted drug lords, offering a $30 million pesos (USD $2.3 million) bounty for information leading to his capture.[12]

As a high-ranking lieutenant in La Familia Michoacana, Loya Plancarte coordinated the buying of narcotics, managed the cartel's finances, and took on the role of the organization's press figure and spokesperson. He managed the cartel's public relations and justified kidnappings and killings by stating that they were done to protect law-abiding citizens.[13][14] On July 2009, he allegedly coordinated an attack that killed 12 Mexican federal police officers in Michoacán two days following the arrest of Arnoldo Rueda, one of La Familia Michoacana's leaders.[15][16] In early 2010, La Familia Michaocana leaders formed an alliance with the Gulf Cartel and Knights Templar Cartel in 2011 to counter forces with Méndez Vargas, who remained in La Familia Michoacana.[21][22]

In a gunfight between gunmen of the Knights Templar and soldiers of the Mexican Army, Loya Plancarte was reported dead on 15 March 2013.[23]

Kingpin Act sanction

On 25 February 2010, the United States Department of the Treasury sanctioned Loya Plancarte under the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act (sometimes referred to simply as the "Kingpin Act"), for his involvement in drug trafficking along with twenty-one other international criminals and ten foreign entities.[24] The act prohibited U.S. citizens and companies from doing any king of business activity with him, and virtually froze all his assets in the U.S.[25]

Arrest

Loya Plancarte was arrested by the [27] On 29 January 2014, he was transferred by federal agents to the Federal Social Readaptation Center No. 1 (commonly referred to as "Altiplano"), a maximum security prison in Almoloya de Juárez, State of Mexico.[28]

References

  1. ^ "Asesora fue señalada como pareja de "El Tío".  
  2. ^ Evans, Sandra E. (3 March 2010). "Federal Register: Vol. 75, No. 41".  
  3. ^ "Templario se escondió en un clóset, SNSP".  
  4. ^ "¿Cómo queda 'La Familia Michoacana' después de la captura de su líder?". CNNMéxico (in Spanish). 22 June 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "2010: Sube violencia del narco".  
  6. ^ Rexton Kan 2012, p. 43.
  7. ^ "Nuevo ataque a un camión de Sabritas en Michoacán".  
  8. ^ Booth, William (13 June 2009). "A Mexican Cartel's Swift and Grisly Climb".  
  9. ^ "Thirty-Eight Defendants Arrested as Part of Massive Assault Against La Familia Michoacana Operatives".  
  10. ^ Benson, Rodney G. (4 October 2011). "Is Merida Antiquated? Part Two: Updating US Policy to Counter Threats of Insurgency and Narco-Terrorism".  
  11. ^ a b Wilkinson, Tracy (31 March 2009). "Mexico drug traffickers corrupt politics".  
  12. ^ Olson, Alexandra (23 March 2009). "Mexico offers $2 million for top drug lords".  
  13. ^ Grayson, George W. (February 2009). "La Familia: Another Deadly Mexican Syndicate".  
  14. ^ Gómez, Francisco (12 December 2010). "Abaten a 'El Chayo', líder de La Familia".  
  15. ^ "Mexican police, soldiers killed in multicity attacks by drug gang".  
  16. ^ "A 'El Tío' lo habían dado por muerto en 2013".  
  17. ^ "Mexican Drug Cartels".  
  18. ^ Logan, Samuel (7 April 2010). "The Gulf-Zeta Split and the Praetorian Revolt".  
  19. ^ Grillo, Ioan (18 June 2012). "Saint, knights and crystal meth; Mexico's bizarre cartel".  
  20. ^ Torres, Rubén (12 December 2010). "El Tío José, el líder real de La Familia".  
  21. ^ Morales, Alberto (22 June 2011). "Cae jefe de cártel de La Familia".  
  22. ^ "Los Caballeros Templarios" ofrecen a Peña Nieto dejar las armas". La Opinión (in Spanish). 19 December 2012. Archived from the original on 28 January 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2014. 
  23. ^ "Abaten a "El Tío", uno de los líderes de Los Caballeros Templarios".  
  24. ^ "DESIGNATIONS PURSUANT TO THE FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN DESIGNATION ACT".  
  25. ^ "An overview of the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act".  
  26. ^ Aguiar, Rodrigo (27 January 2014). "Fuerzas federales detienen al líder 'templario' Dionicio Loya Plancarte". CNNMéxico (in Spanish).  
  27. ^ "Dionisio Loya Plancarte continúa declarando en la SEIDO".  
  28. ^ Mosso, Rubén (29 January 2014). "Va ‘El Tío’ a penal del Altiplano".  

Bibliography

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