World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Capture of Ormuz (1622)

Article Id: WHEBN0022681721
Reproduction Date:

Title: Capture of Ormuz (1622)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Hormuz Island, Iran–United Kingdom relations, Protestantism and Islam, Portuguese Empire, Military history of England
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Capture of Ormuz (1622)

Capture of Hormuz

The city and fortress of Ormuz, 17th century.
Date February 1622 - 22 April 1622
Location Hormuz, Persia (present day Iran)
Result Anglo-Persian victory
English East India Company
Portuguese Empire
Commanders and leaders
Imam-Quli Khan
Captain Blythe
Governor Simão de Melo
3000 Persians
5 English warships and 4 pinnaces
Over 1000
Casualties and losses
Unknown but light light, 1000 Surrendered
Kingdom of Ormus deposed
Portuguese presence in the Gulf reduced to Muscat

In the 1622 Capture of Ormuz, an Anglo-Persian force combined to take over the Portuguese garrison at Hormuz Island after a ten week siege, thus opening up Persian trade with England in the Persian Gulf.[1] Before the capture of Ormuz, the Portuguese had held the Castle of Ormuz for more than a century, since 1507 when Afonso de Albuquerque established it in the Capture of Ormuz, giving them full control of the trade between India and Europe through the Persian Gulf.[2] "The capture of Ormuz by an Anglo-Persian force in 1622 entirely changed the balance of power and trade".[3]

Anglo-Persian alliance

The English side consisted of a force supplied by the English East India Company[1] consisting of five warships and four pinnaces.[4] The Persians had recently gone to war with the Portuguese, and a Persian army was besieging the Portuguese fort in Kishm, but English help was needed to capture Ormuz.[4] Shah Abbas wished to obtain English support against the Portuguese,[5] and the commander Imam Kuli Khan, son of Allahverdi Khan, negotiated with the English to obtain their support, promising the development of silk trade in their favour.[6] An agreement was signed, providing for the sharing of spoils and customs dues at Hormuz, the repatriations of prisoners according to their faith, and the payment by the Persians of half of the supply costs for the fleet.[7]


The Portuguese castle Kishm Island.
The Portuguese castle at Hormuz Island.

The English fleet first went to Kishm, some 15 miles away, to bombard the Portuguese position.[7] The Portuguese quickly surrendered, and the English casualties were few, but included the famous explorer William Baffin.[7]

The Anglo-Persian fleet then sailed to Ormuz and the Persians disembarked to capture the town.[2] The English bombarded the castle and sank the Portuguese fleet, and Ormuz was finally captured[2] on 22 April 1622.[5] The Portuguese were forced to retreat to another base at Maskat.[2]

Although Portugal and Spain were in a Duke of Buckingham threatened to sue the Company, but he removed his claim when he received the sum of 10,000 pounds, supposedly 10% of the proceedings of the capture of Ormuz.[1] James I also received the same sum when he complained "Did I deliver you from the complaint of the Spaniards, and do you return me nothing".[1]

William Baffin died of wounds in the operations leading to the Capture of Ormuz.

The capture of Ormuz gave the opportunity to the Company to develop trade with Persia, attempting to exchange English cloth and other artifacts for silk, but only with difficulty.[1] The English adventurer Robert Shirley also took an interest in developing this trade.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Chaudhuri, p.64
  2. ^ a b c d Sykes, p.279
  3. ^ by Stephen Neill p.549A History of Christianity in India
  4. ^ a b Sykes, p.277
  5. ^ a b Charles Knight, p.7Biography
  6. ^ Sykes, p.277-278
  7. ^ a b c Sykes, p.278


  • K. N. Chaudhuri The English East India Company: the study of an early joint-stock company 1600–1640 Taylor & Francis, 1999 ISBN 0-415-19076-2
  • Percy Molesworth Sykes A History of Persia READ BOOKS, 2006 ISBN 1-4067-2692-3

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.