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Bryopsidales

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Title: Bryopsidales  
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Subject: Ulvophyceae, Coenocyte, Lambia, Caulerpa taxifolia, Caulerpa, Caulerpa racemosa, Halimeda, Codium, List of plant orders, Plant
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Bryopsidales

Bryopsidales
Dead man's fingers (Codium fragile)
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Chlorophyta
Class: Bryopsidophyceae
Order: Bryopsidales
J.H. Schaffner
Families[1]
Synonyms
  • Caulerpales

Bryopsidales is an order of green algae, in the class Bryopsidophyceae.[1]

Characteristics

The thallus is filamentous and much branched and may be packed into a mass. It is coenocytic, having multi-nucleate cells consisting of cytoplasm contained within a cylindrical cell wall. There are no septae and the many discoid chloroplasts, nuclei and other organelles are free to move through the organism. The whole organism may consist of a single cell and in the genus Caulerpa this may be several metres across. In the genus Halimeda, whole seabed meadows may consist of an individual, single-celled organism connected by filamentous threads running through the substrate.

Reproduction

Propagation is normally vegetative from small fragments which grow into new individuals. Under certain conditions sexual reproduction occurs in a process called holocarpy. Almost all of the cytoplasm in the thallus is converted into biflagellate gametes, which are discharged into the sea through papillae. After fertilisation, the zygote becomes a protonema and this in turn develops into a new thallus. [2][3]

References

External links

Scientific references

  • PubMed references for Bryopsidales
  • PubMed Central references for Bryopsidales
  • Google Scholar references for Bryopsidales

Scientific databases

  • NCBI taxonomy page for Bryopsidales
  • Search Tree of Life taxonomy pages for Bryopsidales
  • Search Species2000 page for Bryopsidales
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