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Title: Bezirk  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bezirk Bialystok, Zürich District, Free State of Coburg, Salzburg (state), Upper Austria
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


The German term Bezirk (plural Bezirke, derived from Latin: circulus, "circle") translated as "district" can refer to the following types of administrative divisions:

  • The 95 districts of Austria are called Politische Bezirke, they include 15 statutory cities. Though no self-regulatory bodies, the district commission (Bezirkshauptmannschaft) fulfils the assigned tasks at an intermediate administrative level between the Austrian states and the municipalities. Besides, legal districts (Gerichtsbezirke) denotes the area of the respective district court, which may not always be congruent. In Italian South Tyrol, similar Bezirksgemeinschaften (Italian: comunità comprensoriali) exist.

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