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Bairols

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Bairols

Bairols
A general view of the village
A general view of the village
Coat of arms of Bairols
Coat of arms
Bairols is located in France
Bairols
Bairols
Coordinates:
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Alpes-Maritimes
Arrondissement Nice
Canton Villars-sur-Var
Intercommunality Métropole Nice Côte d'Azur
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2020) Angelin Buerch
Area1 15.24 km2 (5.88 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 107
 • Density 7.0/km2 (18/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 06009 / 06420
Elevation 280–1,803 m (919–5,915 ft)
(avg. 880 m or 2,890 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Bairols is a French commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of south-eastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Bairolois or Bairoloises.[1]

The commune has been awarded two flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.[2]

Geography

Bairols is located at an altitude of 830 metres on a rocky ridge some 20 km north of Gilette and 5 km north of Villars-sur-Var. Access to the commune is by the M26 road from Tournefort in the south which passes through the south-eastern corner of the commune and connects with the tortuous M56 road which continues to the village. The commune is a rugged alpine commune.[3]

The Tinée river forms the eastern border of the commune as it flows south to join the Var. Many tributaries rise in the commune and flow east to join the Tinée including the Vallon du Serre, the Ruisseau de Fava, the Vallon du Bairols, and the Ravin de Saint Martin.[3]

Neighbouring communes and villages[3]

History

The name Bairolum is cited around 1040. The village was then given to Lérins Abbey then became a fief of the Grimaldi.

The village was linked to the outside world by a motorable road in 1939. There were still 257 inhabitants in 1858.

Heraldry

Arms of Bairols
The official status of the blazon remains to be determined.

Blazon:
Party per fess embattled, 1 Argent charged with a mullet of 8 points, 2 Gules.



Administration

The Town Hall
List of Successive Mayors[4]
From To Name Party Position
2001 2020 Angelin Buerch

(Not all data is known)

Demography

In 2010 the commune had 107 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
176 185 211 225 - 253 - 268 -
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
257 259 273 270 263 223 229 225 215
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
191 185 162 129 102 92 57 32 30
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
25 37 30 38 73 114 109 107 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

View of the village from the heights
Population of Bairols

Sites and Monuments

The facade of the Church
The Chevet of the Church
  • Ruins of a Chateau
  • The Medieval Church of Sainte-Marguerite whose "S" form is due to the topography. Inside there are two frescoes in the choir on the theme of the Baptism of Christ. The church has a painting by Jean Rocca of the Virgin of the Rosary and Mysteries dated 1645.[5][6] The church also contains a Group Sculpture on a Processional dais of Saint Marguerite and the Tarasque (18th century) which is registered as an historical object.[7]
  • The Chapel of Saint Antoine above the village
  • The Chapel of Saint-Roch, above, built around 1750
  • Remains of the Chapel of Saint-Martin
  • Two former oil and grain mills
  • The remains of the old village below the present village.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Alpes-Maritimes (French)
  2. ^ Bairols in the Competition for Towns and Villages in Bloom (French)
  3. ^ a b c Google Maps
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  5. ^ Charles Astro, Luc F. Thévenon, Painting in the 17th century in the Southern Alps, p. 58, éditions Serre (collection Patrimoines), Nice, 1985 ISBN 2-86410-048-7 (French)
  6. ^ Christiane Lorgues-Lapouge, René Lorgues, Baroque County of Nice - Volume 1: The Tinée Valley, p. 27-31, Encyclopædia Niciensis, Volume V, Serre éditeur, Nice, 2004 ISBN 2-86410-416-4; p. 99 (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM06001491 Group Sculpture on a Processional dais: Saint Marguerite and the Tarasque (French)

Bibliography

  • Philippe de Beauchamp, The misunderstood High Country. Isolated Villages and Hamlets of Alpes-Marities, p. 81, éditions Serre, Nice, 1989, ISBN 2-86410-131-9; p. 159 (French)

External links

  • Bairols on Lion1906
  • Bairols on the INSEE website (French)
  • INSEE (French)


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