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Adoption (theology)

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Title: Adoption (theology)  
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Subject: Ordo salutis, Christian theology, Christian soteriology, Criteria for speedy deletion/Proposal/1, Redeemer (Christianity)
Collection: Christian Soteriology, Christian Terminology, Christian Theology
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Adoption (theology)

The Favorite, by Georgios Iakovidis, 1890.

Adoption, in Christian theology, is the admission of a believer into the family of God. In the evangelical ordo salutis ("order of salvation"), adoption is usually regarded as a step immediately subsequent to justification. As a theological word, adoption has similar connotations to the act of legally placing a child with a parent or parents other than those to whom they were born. There are three references in the New Testament to God "adopting" Christians as his own children (Galatians 4:5, Romans 8:15 and Ephesians 1:5) and one reference to the adoption by God, of the "people of Israel" (Romans 9:4). Adoption as a theological term introduces a relational dimension to the consequences of Salvation.[1] Adoption as a theological concept is also another consequence of the 'legal' act of justification, alongside redemption and reconciliation.[2] The Old Testament precedent for this term comes from the story of Mephibosheth, who despite not being part of Davidic family was included in the Royal inheritance (2 Samuel 9:7-13).[3] Adoption was an important feature of Reformation theology as demonstrated by article 12 of the Westminster Confession of Faith:[4]

See also


  1. ^ Philip Ryken, Salvation BST (Leicester:IVP, 2001): 206.
  2. ^ Ryken, Salvation, 207.
  3. ^ Ryken, Salvation, 213-214
  4. ^ 'The Westminster Confession of Faith' Center for Reformed Theology and Apologetics, Retrieved 15 June 2009.
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